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THE IMPACT OF EFFECTIVE MANAGEMENT OF RESOURCES IN SOLVING UNEMPLOYMENT PROBLEM IN NIGERIA (A CASE STUDY OF AGWU L.G.A ENUGU)

PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION UNDERGRADUATE PROJECT TOPICS, RESEARCH WORKS AND MATERIALS

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ABSTRACT

This study is on a strong impression of effective management of resources in solving unemployment problem in Awgu local  Government  Area, how they have carried its operations to bring this phenomenon to its minimum.  In order to active this empirical survey and library research were carried out. The sources of data are the administrative questionnaire and oral interview, while the secondary sources includes statistical tools. The research reveals that the local government has not put the necessary machinery in place to tackle unemployment problem.  One reason being lack of managerial skill operating in the area. This factor has been a force militating against solving unemployment problem.  It was discovered also that the local government under study engages in various activities and schemes, including provision of pipe borne water rural electrification project to attract investor to harness the available natural resources to create employment of the people in the grassroot.

TABLE OF CONTENT

CHAPTER ONE 1.0    INTRODUCTION                           

1.1    Background of Study                          

1.2        Statements of Problem                

1.3        Objective of the Study                

1.4        Research Hypothesis                   

1.5        Significance of the Study                             

1.6        Scope of the Study             

1.8        Definition of Terms                             

CHAPTER TWO

2.1    Literature Review                                 

2.1    Introduction                                       

2.2    Effective Management Of Resources In Awgu

2.3    Advantages of Effective Management of Resources

2.4    Advantages of Effective Management of Resources

2.5    Problem Generated by Unemployment

2.5.1 Effective Management                         

CHAPTER THREE

3.1    Design of the Study                                    

3.2    Selection of Population                                

3.3    Sample Size                                              

3.4    Development of Research Material                

3.5    Questionnaires Design                         

3.6    Research Procedure                            

3.7    Treatment of Data                              

CHAPTER FOUR  DATA PRESENTATION & ANALYSIS

4.1        Presentation and Analysis of Data         

4.2        Summary of results

CHAPTER FIVE DISCUSSION RECOMMENDATION AND CONCLUSION

5.1        Summary of Finding                            

5.2        Conclusion                                         

5.3        Recommendations                                      

Bibliography                                              

Appendix

Questionnaire

CHAPTER ONE

1.0    INTRODUCTION

1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY

Unemployment has been and stills a major problem in Awgu Local Government Area of Enugu State. A study recently carried out by researchers shows that about 80% of the labour force in the local government area are unemployed people in Awgu Local Government the people that   made up the are youths and young school levers whose number in the labour market is on the increase yearly because of the high rate of people graduating from both the secondary and tertiary institution. A few  of them who are employed solely depend on the government and a greater percentage of them depend on the non governmental organization or corporate bodies for their unshed labour   which according to Byrness and stone (1981:147) said   that people are only employed when they

are unable to work and would be willing to accept a prevailing wage paid to people that posed the skill they have but cannot find or have yet joined suited employment” Byrness believed that a person becomes unemployed when he has a required skill to sell to an employer who is willing to buy his skill for a wage the problem of unemployment can be reduced if the already existing establishment within Agwu local government Area are effectively managed.

        The first problem that confronts the young job seeker is hope on getting mainly administrative jobs which with the changing economic trend and high labour cost become very expensive for the employer who will prefer to improve the skill of his staff or computerize his company therefore cutting labour cost and maximizing his profit when this become unemployed with little or no hope of getting employment because of the charging trends of modernization and technological development   of labour management based on this short fall in employment becomes problem.

But  the  way  to  improve   employment  is  through  the  effective  management  of  human and   material resource in an  establishment.  Effective management of scarce resources in Awgu Local Government Area will encourage  specialization   and  division   of  labour  which  means  that  more  will  be  also  be  encourage  to exhibit  the dexterity  in  certain  skill,  so as  to  perform the tasks   more  effectively  at  a 

higher   rate  of  output  so  as to  meet  the  demand of their  customers  by  they  specialization  is  encouraged  at  opposed  to the  use  of the  computer  which  need  few  people  to  feed  imformation into  them.  Effective management of scarce resources in Awgu will reduce unemployment and the dependence on government corporate bodies as the last hope of job seeker for engaging income generating ventures.

As a matter of fact this will put smile on the faces of school leavers who will be assured that they can be gainfully engaged and acquire proficiency in desired skills through their engagement in profitable of any establishment’s the effective management of resources in Agwu- Local Government Area will no doubt eradicate or reduce the social outery about the tills perpetrated by the employed people who as a matter of fact constitute a social menaces to the society. Some of the soil toilers and moilers will however be employed by these establishment

1.2 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM    

The problem of how unemployed can be solved by the effective management of resources is the core of the study. The researcher instead to find out what effect effectively managed resources will have in the reduction of unemployment rate in Awgu  Local government. The population on which the study will be based on the researcher intends to look at based on the operations of the establishment within the area and how effective the managers of these business or establishment will contribute in the study area

 

1.3 OBJECTIVE   OF THE STUDY

To  determine  the  factors  militating  against  effective  management  of  resources  To identify the important of effective management of resources.  To ascertain whether effective management of resources promotes human and material resources development in Awgu local government area? To identify the possible ways of solving the problems facing effective management

1.4 RESEARCH HYPOTHESIS

1.      Are there any possible ways to determine the factors

militating against effective management of resources.

2.   Are they any important in effective management of

 resources?

3.      Is, effective management of resources create enough

Employment and material resources development in Awgu local government area?

4.     Are there any possible ways of solving the problems

facing effective management of resources in Awgu local government area?

5.     Any way(s) to improve the mode of operation?

 

1.5 SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY

The significance of the study states who should benefit from the research and how the study will go a long way in helping to achieve the strong impression that the effective management of resources will create in Awgu local government area and Nigeria at large. It will also reduce the mismanagement of resource that leads to termination of works in the establishment thereby creates employment in the Awgu local government area.  

This study is beneficially to the society investors, rural dwellers and has expanded our knowledge, it has increased our research skills, beside  the  above  study  was conducted   in  part  of  partial  requirement  for  the  award  of  higher  national  diploma  in the  department  of public  administration,  at  the  institute  of  management  and  technology (IMT)  Enugu. On  the  part  of the student  will  have  no  doubt  that  the study  would  be  of  immense  important  to  the  students,  who  may  wish  to  conduct   a  future  research  on  the  matter  would  serve  as  a  resources  material. 

1.6 SCOPE OF THE STUDY 

The scope of the study is to find out how unemployment problem can be solved through the proper use of scarce resources in establishment.

The study will be limited to Awgu local government Area which will be used as the sample for the basis of the study.

1.7 DEFINITION OF TERMS 

It is good to give operational meaning to the word misinterpretation by readers the term associated with this study will be clearly defined and provision will be made for other definitions as they occur while the study is progress.

UNEMPLOYMENT:-  According to R,T Byreness and G.N stones (1981 p 14.7) is the amount of the unused labour involving skilled or unskilled people who are willing to work but could not secure employment as a result of the bulk of dependent people in the society

Establishment: - The basic structures and facilities necessary for a country or organization of functions efficiently

Management:-Management from layman’s view is getting things done through and with people aimed at achieving ones personal goal or in contest with the goals of the organization

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