1.1 BACKGROUND O THE STUDY
Nigeria banking sector has experienced a boom-and-burst cycles in the past 20 – 25 years. After the implementation of the structural adjustment programme (SAP) in 1986 and de-regulation of the financial sector, new banks proliferated mainly driven by attractive arbitrage opportunities in the foreign exchange market (Heiko, 2007), but prior to the de-regulation period, financial intermediation never took off and even declined in the 1980s and 1990’s (Capirio and Klibiel).
The sector was highly oligopolistic with remarkable features of market concentration and leadership but noted that there are ten banks that control more than 50% of the aggregates assets of the bank banking sector, more than 51% of the aggregate deposites.
The sector characterized by small scale banks with higher overheads, low capital base averaging less than $10 million, heavy reliance on the government patronage and less making. Nigeria banking sector was still characterized by a high degree of fragmentation and low level of financial intermediation up to 2004.
This research work is motivated by the need to look into the central bank (CB)’s recent reform (Capitalization) that employed certain measures to strengthen the Nigeria banking system by drastically increase the minimum capital requirement from N2 billion of N25 billion ($190 million US). Through review of relevant literatures, analysis of policy documents official report and economic information on the banking sector, it became evident that the capitalization of bank led to a remarkable reduction in the number of banks from 89 to 25 by merge, acquisition, initial public offer and other means. The research work concludes that bank capitalization has resulted in making bank more efficient and reliable and also, their intermediary potentials have also been revised.
1.2 STATEMENT OF PROBLEM
Recapitalization of the Nigeria banks which started in 2004, has been a great advantage to the Nigeria economy. Before that, there were many Nigeria banks that had weak capital bases. This resulted in frequent bank burst and the low capital requirements also meant that important men could and did not set up public banks which they ran with total disregard for the minority shareholders. Banks on their own could not carry their primary function of lending because of liquidity problem. This therefore put the economy in adverse economic and financial problem. Banks at this time were running at in increase lending rate between 25 – 27%, thereby making credit to the real sector difficult. Industry operators attributes this to high operating cost occasioned by decay infrastructure. The implication is that the prices of goods and services are on the rise with lower disposable income. Consequently producers are facing resistance from consumers who have cut down significantly on consumption. This development poses a serious problem to the bank lending as they need to grow their loan portfolio to be able to compete with emergency market peers.
1.3 OBJECTIVES OF STUDY
Bank capitalization will go a long way in enhancing economic growth in Nigeria and also in the banking and financial sector of the nation.
Hence, the fundamental objective of this study are:
- To asses the implication of capitalization on the banking industry
- To examine the impact of capitalization on Nigeria banks
- To asses the state of Nigeria banks before capitalization
- To identify the benefits of bank capitalization
- To identify the effect of bank capitalization on Nigeria, economy at large.
Can't find what you are looking for?
Call (+234) 07030248044.
OTHER SIMILAR BANKING FINANCE PROJECTS AND MATERIALS
A CRITICAL ANALYSIS ON THE USE OF FINANCIAL STATEMENTS IN ASSESSING THE PERFORMANCE OF AN ORGANIZATION (A CASE STUDY OF FIRST BANK NIGERIA)
ABSTRACT This project work is carried out to examine the contribution of micro finance banks to the development of Small and medium scale enterprises in Nigeria. The Brass micro finance bank is used a...Continue reading »
A STUDY ON THE ACCEPTANCE AND ADOPTION OF THE CBN CASHLES POLICY IN PORT HARCOURT, NIGERIA
CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1. BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY One of the prerequisites for the development of national economy according to Ajayi et al, 2006 is by encouraging a payment system that is secu...Continue reading »
A STUDY ON THE IMPACT OF BUDGETARY CONTROLS ON THE PERFORMANCE OF AN ORGANIZATION (A CASE STUDY OF FIDELITY BANK PLC)
CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1. BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY AND PROFILE OF THE ORGANIZATION Following the uncertainties prevailing in the Nigerian business environment today, managers and stakeholders mu...Continue reading »
ANALYZING PERFORMANCE APPRAISAL TECHNIQUES IN UNION BANK NIG PLC
CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1. BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY In any evaluation of the condition necessary for the growth and survival of an organization, the role of performance appraisal is a strategic f...Continue reading »
AUDIT INDEPENDENCE: ENHANCING ACCOUNTABILITY AND TRANSPARENCY IN CORPORATE ORGANIZATIONS
CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1. Background of the study The subject of transparency and accountability in modern day corporate organizations has continued to receive attention as never before. It has b...Continue reading »
CREDIT MANAGEMENT AND ISSUES OF BAD DEBTS IN COMMERCIAL BANKS IN NIGERIA
The article on this topic (credit management and issues of bad debts in commercial banks in Nigeria) is an extract from literature review of the project material. The complete project work would be ma...Continue reading »
What are looking for today?
THE IMPACT OF HUMAN RESOURCE PLANNING ON ORGANIZATIONAL PERFORMANCE
63,989 people found this useful
THE EFFECT OF SOCIAL MEDIA ON STUDENTS PERFORMANCE IN LEARNING LISTENING COMPREHENSION
49,324 people found this useful
TAX ADMINISTRATION IN NIGERIA: CHALLENGES AND PROSPECTS, A CASE STUDY OF LAGOS STATE BOARD OF INTERN...
43,609 people found this useful
THE EFFECT OF TREASURY SINGLE ACCOUNT ON THE ECONOMY OF NIGERIA
42,831 people found this useful
IMPACT OF SOCIAL MEDIA ON CONSUMER BEHAVIOR
41,178 people found this useful
CAUSES AND EFFECTS OF COMMUNICATION BREAKDOWN IN AN ORGANIZATION (A case study of champions’ brewe...
40,055 people found this useful