1.1 HISTORICAL BACGROUND
The Central Bank of Nigeria was established because of the anracteristic and difficult of the monetary system, which proceeded it.
In these case, the currency or legal tender obtaining in the colorizes before independence was issued by a currency board.
Also the development of indigenous banking and growth in the financial mechanism could not be achieved without the assistance of a central bank institution west African currency board which was established to finance the need of the expert trade of repatriate fixing in west African for the objective of issuing a spade convertibility a currency providing ream where by the colonial government might share in the profit of the currency was not impendent currency with Nigeria currency was tied on the spoon string of the British bound. It has no room for monetary management.
According to professor W. O. Ugoaga in his book tilled “money and banking in Nigeria”, the system was operationally right and institutionally limited it result that the board lacked any power to initiate and execute monetary policy. It also did nothing to train African in the art of monetary management or to develop indigenous banking and other financial institution which resulted that west African currency board had no discretionary power over the total amount of money and could not perform any banking functions.
The effects were that banking habit in the country was not develop.
Demand deposit constituted less than half the size of the currency e.g. nearly half of the deposited were held by government organization for the indigenous sector banking was even less significant because an over whelming part of deposit was held by Europeans and Europeans firms. No local investments out less were developed because it invested all its reserves in starting over sea in London.
The Central Bank of Nigeria was finally establish by Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) ordinance in 1958 to issue legal tender currency in Nigeria to maintain external reserve to safe guard the inter national value of the currency to promote monetary stability and a sound financial structure in Nigeria to act as banker and an financial structure in Nigeria, to act as bankers and as financial advice to the Federal Government.
According to Professor G. O. Nwankwo in his book tilled “Nigeria Financial System. The Nigeria money was established by the Central Bank of Nigeria to enable government (as well as other financial institution) recoup them short fall in revenue and invest their surprises.
It’s therefore necessary to profit the extend the market has performed their function particularly. This period the government has been experiencing increasing short falls in revenue as a result of the glut in the world and market.
1.2 STATEMENT OF PROBLEM
The Central Bank of Nigeria according to Professor G.O.
Nwankwo his book titled “Nigeria financial system” in expected as on of the function to develop the Nigeria money market.
The problem to the investigated here are the extend to which the central bank of Nigeria has performed it role towards having a higher in developed money market which according seen in his hook lilted central banking in undeveloped money market is usually characterized by the availability of proper investment in the market e.g. cash, call money, treasury bill e.g.
Highly organized, banking system which make sit possible for central bank to control the economy effectively,. The number funds and securities as the money market may demand.
Action of foreign funds, which depicts the confidence of foreigners and the prospects unvisited in the market.
When one sub-market is disturbed e.g. shortage of funds in one sub-market will cause movement of funds from the surplus area to the shortage region.
1.3 OBJECTIVES OF STUDY
The project is aimed of achieving the following to their
solutions to the central bank of Nigeria through the government with a vie to implementing those projects that will help in the development of a highly organized money market in Nigeria.
To help the entire population understand the activities of the central bank of Nigeria in the development of the Nigeria money market.
1.4 SCOPE OF STUDY
As is always the case in any human endeavour problem must
be encountered in trying to carry out any meaningfully activity especially when is involves going from one place to another, interviewing the experts in CBN
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