ProjectClue.com WhatsApp or Call Us

projectclue whatsapp icon07030248044

Project Topic:

A COMPARATIVE STUDY OF NEWSPAPER COVERAGE OF RURAL/URBAN PROBLEMS IN IMO STATE A CONTENT ANALYSIS OF DAILY CHAMPION, THE SUN AND VANGUARD NEWSPAPERS

Project Information:

 Format: MS WORD ::   Chapters: 1 - 5 ::   Pages: 60 ::   Attributes: Questionnaire, Data Analysis  ::   2,320 people found this useful

Project Department:

BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION UNDERGRADUATE PROJECT TOPICS, RESEARCH WORKS AND MATERIALS

Project Body:

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY

From a global perspective, third-word countries which are mostly found in the continent of Africa have been conspicuously backward in terms of development vis-à-vis their western counterparts where a day hardly passes without the celebration of one scientific or technological feat or another. These indicates of underdevelopment and backwardness that characterize the content include, poverty, illiteracy, disease, intertribal conflict, corruption, absence of infrastructural amenities and general mal-administration.

When one looks at the situation in Nigeria, generally, with particular reference to the state of Imo state in South-Eastern part of the country, it is obvious and regrettable that successive governments in the country as well as the state (with the exception of the first civilian government in Imo state (1979-83) had paid lip service towards ameliorating the plight of especially rural and urban dwellers in these states who constitutes over

70% of the population of about 120 million Nigerians (based on projections from the 1991 national census).

The situation is further exacerbated by the infinitesimally low coverage given to rural and urban problems by our national media.

The national media are expected to give full coverage to events in all sections of the society. The extent of coverage should range from the affluent to the poor, from the urban to the hinterland, but this, however, is not so with our national dailies. Indeed, the development of both the rural and urban communities must be given priority attention in the scheme of things. Otherwise, the goal of the national development will be elusive. Be that as it may. It must be pointed out, here, that the goal of community development through an affective newspaper coverage is not without certain constraints. The constraint include

(a) Shortage of staff;

(b)Limited equipment, transportation facilities, communication gadgets;

(c) Limited funds, and

(d) Poor editorial planning

The print media, as has been observed, rarely cover the rural areas in comparison to cities. In fact, very limited time is allotted to these coverage, which are not enough considering the scope of the activities going on there. Granted that some national media have allotted pages to community news and vents, or even supplements for the local areas where each local government area is focused upon, unfortunately, these are not in-depth. Only peripheral issues are covered. Discussion and serious analysis are missing it all boils down to window dressing.

The news media with a target local can cover such a community effectively. This is because there is time for planning and implementation. But in our case here, the general assessment of the coverage by these media is mediocre. This mediocrity in the manner and extent of reportage of rural and urban problems in the society is due largely to the following loopholes identified in the operations of the news media.

(a) No target area: This is obvious. Targeting an are means picking on specific area within a zone and covering them. These

media must regularly highlight development projects, culture, professions, arts and craft, a well as need and deprivations of these areas.

(b)Lack of no-the spot coverage. Those on the scene of event and incidents tend to write authoritatively about them. So, the reporter must investigate in order to be credible. Where a reporter is kilometers away, the study might go stale by the time he gets there.

(c) Coverage is general not specific. The coverage given to issues is often superficial. It does not go into detailed issues.

As the filler of the communication gap between the government and the rural dwellers on the one hand, and the urban and rural populace on the other hand, the mass media are an important player in this enterprise of community development. This is in view of the fact that information provided by these media is a tool for mobilization, galvanization, sensitization and transformation of the rural communities.

The newspaper, for instance, localizes and interpret state and national news for the consumption of the people. Although there is scarcely any community newspaper in Nigeria today,

this void can be filled by national and state newspapers through improved coverage of community activities.

Aware of the ability newspaper to give objective, thorough, sound and fair coverage of community development projects, this research work therefore, is an imperative. Besides, the coverage so given by the newspapers can help by redirecting change agents on the priority of the local populations to avoid embarking on unrealistic projects.

It is against the foregoing background that the researcher embarked on this study – a comparative study of newspaper reporting of rural and urban problems in Imo state. A contents analysis of the Sun, Vanguard and Daily Champion over a period of one month, to determine their roles in rural development.

STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEMS

This study is strictly concerned with concerned with determining the extent of coverage and prominence accorded

development problems by Nigerian newspapers with a view to identifying the level of commitment of the nation’s press towards rural transformation and emancipation from economic, social and political bondage. Among the indices of underdevelopment are poverty, low standard of living, high cost of living, illiteracy, poor infrastructural facilities, unemployment and disease.

The study sets out to find the reasons for the low coverage of rural news by Nigeria newspapers.

This research work is also pre-occupied with the task of ascertaining whether the amount and quality of rural news carried by the national media are sufficient and capable enough to bring about the desired positive change in the rural communities.

The problems emanating from the low coverage of rural community problems by the Nigerian newspaper equally engage the attention of this study.

THEORETICAL ORIENTATION

This research work is based on two major theories, the development media theory and the Democratic participant media theory. Both theories emerge out of the realization that the original four classical theories viz, the authoritarian, Libertarian, social responsibility and Soviet-communist theories, do not apply strictly to developing countries or where they can be applied, have limited potential benefits because of some peculiar characteristics of the developing countries.

The development media theory is predicated on the premise that the state has a right to intervene in or restrict media operations in the interest of development needs. In this way, devices of censorship, subsidy and direct control can be justified.

Remarkably, this theory emanated from the Sean McBride report of the United Nations (UNESCO) International Commission for the study of communication problems.

The second theory is germane to this work is the democratic participant media theory. This is the latest addition

to the normative theory and Dennis McQuail stands out as a major proponent of this theory.

The theory emphasizes the right to relevant information, the right to feedback, the right to use the means of communication for interaction in small scale setting of community, interest group and subculture. Tersely put, it emphasizes what contemporary development communication scholar term “Participatory”.

OBJECTIVE OF THE STUDY

The relevance of communication in community development, especially in a state like Imo can not be over-emphasize in view of the benefits derivable from such an exercise. The rural areas constitute an integral part of every country from where the development levels of such countries are measure. Over the years, there has been a noticeable neglect of the rural areas. Thus giving rise to urban migration, which leads to loss of manpower, economic hardship and abject povert in the hinterland. In contra-distinction, there is the provision of certain amenities, though not with the best of

intentions, like pipe-borne water, electricity, white collar jobs health facilities libraries, etc in the cites.

At one time or another, certain programmes had been introduced to better the lots of rural dwellers, though they eventually came to naught due to poor implementation and misappropriation of funds. These include the government sponsored farmers co-operative societies, operation feed the nation (OFN) The Green Revolution, the people Bank, Bettter life for Rural women programme and family support programme.

Though the above programmes were targets at rural empowerment, city dwellers ended up the major beneficiaries. Perhaps, the only national programme that has obviously benefited the rural dwellers is the National programme Immunization, NPI.

Therefore, by content-analysis the coverage of rural and urban problems in Imo state by three national dailies, this study aims at finding the extent to which the mass media, in this context the newspapers, have succeeded or failed in discharging their community development functions.

In addition, it aims at determining which of the three

newspapers is more oriented towards community development

through the nature of rural news publishes.

Another objective is to rekindle the desire for the coverage

of community development activities by national dailies with a

view to improving the standard of living of rural dwellers in Imo

state.

SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY

The study offers the readers the opportunity to assess the level of commitment of these newspapers in furthering the cause of community development through adequate coverage of rural and urban problems.

It also highlights the place of newspapers in the mobilization, education and sensitization of rural dwellers with a view to bettering their life.

With this study, newspaper editors will see the need for the use of community development news as lead stories rather than as ‘fillers’ in the inside pages.

This work is also a guide to media properties in terms of designing a suitable editorial policy that will give their newspapers freedom to give adequate attention to rural development problems.

The study, apart from helping government fashion out an effective rural-oriented communication policy, may also help in broadening  the  knowledge  of  the  role,  place  and

importance of the mass media, especially the newspapers in community development.

RESEARCH QUESTIONS

To keep the research focused, the following questions are asked.

Get the complete project »


Instant Share On Social Media:


Can't find what you are looking for?
Call (+234) 07030248044.

OTHER SIMILAR BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION PROJECTS AND MATERIALS

A CORPORATIVE ANALYSIS OF RISK MANAGEMENT AND CREDIT ADMINISTRATION IN BANKS (A CASE STUDY OF GUARANTEE TRUST BANK, ACCESS BANK AND FIRST BANK)

 Format: MS WORD ::   Chapters: 1 - 5 ::   Pages: 90 ::   Attributes: Questionnaire, Data Analysis, Abstract  ::   2914 engagements

ABSTRACT The study was aimed at analysingrisk management and credit administrations in banks, case study of Guarantee Trust Bank, Access Bank and First Bank, Maitama, Abuja. The survey research was u...Continue reading »

A CRITICAL APPRAISAL OF CURRENT ASSETS MANAGEMENT IN PUBLIC LIMITED LIABILITY COMPANIES (A CASE STUDY OF NIGERIAN BREWERIES)

 Format: MS WORD ::   Chapters: 1-5 ::   Pages: 70 ::   Attributes: Questionnaire, Data Analysis,Abstract  ::   7110 engagements

CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION Background of the study The advent of asset management is a prerequisite to organizational profitability and growth. The management of asset in public limited liability comp...Continue reading »

A CRITICAL APPRAISAL OF THE APPLICATION OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY IN NIGERIAN INDUSTRIES(A CASE STUDY OF NIGERIAN BREWERIES)

 Format: MS WORD ::   Chapters: 1 - 5 ::   Pages: 80 ::   Attributes: Questionnaire, Data Analysis, Abstract  ::   3309 engagements

CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY In today’s world, the use of adoption of information technology (ICT) in Nigerian industries could be helpful in the task of capacity building...Continue reading »

A CRITICAL APPRAISAL OF THE STRATEGIES OF EXPORTATION OF MADE IN NIGERIA GOODS (A CASE STUDY OF NIGERIAN EXPORT PROMOTION COUNCIL)

 Format: MS WORD ::   Chapters: 1 - 5  ::   Pages: 48 ::   Attributes: Questionnaire, Data Analysis,Abstract  ::   4427 engagements

ABSTRACT A critical appraisal of the strategies of exportation of made in Nigerian goods is a topic chosen from marketing field. The research was conducted mainly to examine the strategies adopted b...Continue reading »

A CRITICAL STUDY ON THE EFFECTS OF JOB STRESS ON THE PERFORMANCE OF BANKERS IN NIGERIA (A CASE STUDY OF UNION BANK, CALABAR)

 Format: MS WORD ::   Chapters: 1-5 ::   Pages: 80 ::   Attributes: Questionnaire, Data Analysis,Abstract  ::   15667 engagements

ABSTRACT The study investigated and evaluated job stress and its effects on job performance among members of staff at Union Bank. The study sought to find out how work-related stress could affect the...Continue reading »

A REVIEW OF MOTIVATION AS A MANAGEMENT TOOL FOR INCREASING THE PRODUCTIVITY OF EMPLOYEES

 Format: MS WORD ::   Chapters: 1 - 5 ::   Pages: 63 ::   Attributes: Questionnaire, Data Analysis

CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY. In every organization, large or small, private or public enterprise, human resources (employees) are always the pillar to the success of the orga...Continue reading »

What are looking for today?

WHAT OUR CUSTOMERS ARE SAYING:
  • 1. Abubakar Sani from Nigerian Investment Promotion Commission said "I had a wonderful experience using ProjectClue, they delivered not only on time, but the content had good quality. I recommend ProjectClue for any project research work.".
    Rating: Excellent
  • 2. Ogunniran Olawale from Ekiti state university said "Projectclue is really safe and reliable Quick access to project works Nice customer service Fast delivery of request Recommend this toy fellow students ".
    Rating: Excellent
  • 3. Fahat Nasir from isa kaita college of education dutsinma said "Fish farming a solution unemployment ".
    Rating: Very Good
  • 4. Ajimbi Oluwarotimi from Theology school osun said "Good ".
    Rating: Very Good
  • 5. Clement Abdullahi Ogiji from National Open University of Nigeria said "I am a living witness and have recommended project clue to a lot of students, so far none have been disappointed, very reliable and, trustworthy and dependable".
    Rating: Excellent
  • 6. Jhuee from Sultan national high school said "Good quality. I recommend project clue for any project research work.".
    Rating: Excellent