Project Topic:

POVERTY AND UNEMPLOYMENT IN NIGERIA: CAUSES, EFFECTS AND REMEDIES

Project Information:

 Format: MS WORD ::   Chapters: 1 - 5 ::   Pages: 60 ::   Attributes: Questionnaire, Data Analysis,Abstract  ::   376 people found this useful

Project Department:

ECONOMICS UNDERGRADUATE PROJECT TOPICS, RESEARCH WORKS AND MATERIALS

Project Body:

TABLE OF CONTENT

CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION

1.1 Background of the Study

1.2 Statement of the problem

1.3 Study Objectives

1.4 Research Justification

1.5 Scope of Study

1.6 Hypothesis Formulation

1.7 Limitation of the study

1.8 Definition of terms

CHAPTER TWO: REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE

2.1 Concept and definition of Poverty and Unemployment

2.2 Conceptual theoretical issues

2.3 Empirical literature

2.4 Causes of poverty and unemployment in Nigeria

2.5 Effects of poverty and unemployment

2.6 Overview of programmes aimed at poverty and unemployment reduction

2.7 Poverty, unemployment, economic growth and development

CHAPTER THREE: RESEARCH METHODOLOGY.

3.1Method of data analysis

3.2 Definition and justification of variables

3.3 Aprior expectation

3.4 Model specification

3.5Nature and sources of data

3.6 Estimation procedure

           3.7 Techniques of evaluating the results

            3.7.1  Evaluation Based on Statistical Criteria First Order Test.

 3.7.2  Evaluation Based on Statistical Criteria Second Order Test

CHAPTER FOUR: EMPERICAL RESULTS

4.1Battery test

4.                 1.1Unit Root Test Analysis:

4.1.2 Cointeration Test:

4.2            Presentation and Interpretation of Result

4.3            Economic Apriori Criteria

4.4            Statistical Criteria {First order test}

4.4.1.  Coefficient of Multiple Determinants {R2}

4.4.2.  The Student‟s T-test

4.4.3.  F-Statistics:

4.5            Econometric Criteria.

4.5.1.  Test for Autocorrelation

4.5.2.  Normality Test for Residual

4.5.3.  Test for Heteroscedasticity

4.5.4.  Test for Multicollinearity

CHAPTER FIVE:

5.1  Summary

5.2  Conclusion

5.3  Recommendation

Bibliography

Appendix

CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION 1.1  BACKGROUND OF STUDY

Poverty and unemployment an identical bane is a global trend which affects people in various depths and levels at different times and phases of existence. The extent of association between poverty and in unemployment in the developing countries is often a subject of considerable debate. There is actually no nation that is absolutely free from poverty and unemployment. The major difference is the degree and pervasiveness of this similar blight.

Nigeria is the most populous country in Africa and the eight in the world with a population of 140 million by 2006 census with a nominal GDP of $207. Billion per capita income of $1401 it has tyrants. As a result second largest economy in Africa (salami 2002). As impressive as the above figures may appear youth unemployment has been one of the major problems facing Nigeria. A high level of un and underemployment is one of the critical socio-economic problems facing Nigeria. While the labor force   with an increasing proportion of youth employment opportunities is inadequate to absorb labor market entrants. As a result, youth are especially affected by unemployment. Moreover, young people are more likely to be employed in jobs of low quality.  Underemployed working long hours for low wages, engaged in dangerous work or receive only short term and/or informal employment arrangements. The inadequate employment situation of youth has a number of socio-economic, political and moral consequences. This has resulted in poverty in Nigeria which is chronic and rising. The share of the total population living below the$1 (one dollar) a day threshold of 46 percent is higher today than in 1980‟s and 1990‟s, this despite significance improvements in the growth of GDP in recent years

Unemployment and poverty are so intertwine that one can easily confuse one for the other. Although, it is possible for one to be employed and still remain poor, this is to be a case of underemployment. Unemployment and underemployment reflect the failure to make use of an important factor of production, labor, for fostering economic growth in Nigeria. Low returns to labor as well as high unemployment indicates poverty. Poverty makes it difficult to make investments in education and health that would increase ones productivity. The social aspects of the problem that lies in association of unemployment with social exclusion and a sense of hopelessness. Structural unemployment and wide spread poverty are believed to be the basis for the activities of miscreants such as militant youth in the Niger Delta and the present deadly Boko Haram in northern Nigeria upsetting the seemingly peaceful and stable political situation . The activity of BokoHaram has resulted in many deaths and destruction of property worth millions of dollars.  

Unemployment in Nigeria is defined as the proportion of labor force that was available for work but do not work. In the week preceding the survey period for at least 39 hours. Official figures from the bureau of statistics puts the figure of unemployed at 19.70 per cent  about 30 million but this figure still did not include about 40 million others captures in world bank statistics in 2009. By implication it means that if Nigerians population is about 140million then% Nigerians are un employed (Njoku and Okezie 2011) from this perspective of the recent events in the middle east and north where unemployment and poverty among others played a key role in the uprising one can only conclude that Nigeria‟s unemployment and high poverty level poses even greater threat to its development, security and peaceful co-existence it is in light of proffering solutions to the problem of poverty and unemployment that the current study is germane

The world bank and United Nations Development programme (UNDP) 2002,Human Development Index (HDI) which looks beyond GDP to a broader definition of wellbeing of 0.461 aptly indicates the nations development. Over the years successive government have adopted various policies and programmes to deal with the problem of poverty and unemployment in the country

1.2  STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM

The issue of Poverty and unemployment has continued to be a core subject matter in Nigeria and other African countries alike

Human poverty is more than income poverty, it is the denial of choices and opportunities for living a tolerable life (United Nations 1997) poverty amid plenty id challenge. 

On the other hand, unemployment is one of the developmental problems that face every developing economy in the 21st century. International statistics show that industrial and service workers living in developing regions account for about some percentage of the unemployed (Patterson et al 2006).

Though Nigeria recorded 7.5 percent expansion in 2012 that was faster than the global and regional average in 20011 this growth which did not impact positively in the eyes if majority, might have neither improve the employment rate and living standards of Nigeria in 2012. Recent data from the National

Bureau of Statistics placed the country‟s misery index at 34% a development which analyst described as horrible and terrifying. According to the Bureau the figure of unemployed Nigerians in the first half of 2011 was 23.9% from 21.1% in 2010 and 19.7% in 2009. This showing that the rise in unemployment is bound to worsen as the year goes by.

Therefore the crucial problem of this research is on the causes and effects of poverty and unemployment in Nigerian economy. What is the way forward? That is how poverty and unemployment will be reduced appreciably if not eradicated in Nigeria

1.3  STUDY OBJECTIVES

The fundamental aim of this project is to construct an applied and evident relationship between poverty and unemployment and determine the causes effects and remedies in Nigeria

The specific objectives of the study therefore include the following

a)     To examine the relationship between poverty and unemployment

b)    To examine the impact of poverty and unemployment on economic growth and development if a nation.

c)     To identify and analyze the major causes of poverty and unemployment in

Nigeria.

d)    To provide workable recommendations that can be useful to assist the reduction and elimination of poverty and in employment by policy makers.

1.4 RESEARCH JUSTIFICATION

In Nigeria poverty and unemployment is really assuming a crisis level.

Therefore the study will be relevant in that 

I.                   It will provide an insight into the relevant literature

II.                It will help to lay a bare the causes and effects of poverty and unemployment in

Nigeria

III.             It will help the general populaces to appreciate the fact that poverty and unemployment is twin scourge that need to be faced in order to achieve economic growth and development.

IV.            It is expected that through the findings and subsequent recommendations of this study, poverty and unemployment will be reduces or eradicated.

V.               Finally it is the opinion of the researcher because it will serve as a spring board for further research.

1.5   SCOPE OF STUDY

The researcher‟s work focuses on the causes and effects of poverty and unemployment and also how poverty and unemployment has an impact on economic growth and development in Nigeria.

 The period of this study for the time series analysis is 20years.

1.6 HYPOTHESIS FORMULATION.

There is no significant relationship between poverty and unemployment in

Nigeria

There is significant relationship between poverty and unemployment in Nigeria

1.7 LIMITATIONS OF THE STUDY

A study of this nature cannot be completed without the researcher experiencing some constrains. The first major limitation of  the study experienced by researcher was lack of time. This is due to the fact that both academic course work and the study were talking place simultaneously.

    Another limitation encountered by the researcher was the lack of sufficient data particularly on poverty which greatly affected the study in terms of  carrying out a direct and detailed econometric analysis on the variables.

     Finally for an in-depth work to be carried out in this study, the sourcing of data was not easy.

1.8 DEFINITION OF TERMS.

The following definition of terms simply represents the specific meaning that will be given to them in this study

POVERTY: - This is a living condition in which an individual‟s unable to take care of his basic needs like clothing, food, shelter, inability to meet social and economic obligations, lack of gainful employment and other environmental opportunities at his disposal.

UNEMPLOYMENT: - This is a situation where by one is able and willing to work at a prevailing wage rate but does not have work.

POVERTY RATE: - This is the percentage of a nations population with income below the poverty line.

POVERTY LINE: - This is the value of basic necessities considered essential for melting the minimum socially acceptable standard of living in the society.

UNEMPLOYMENT RATE: - This is the percentage of labor force without jobs but is willing and available for work.

NATIONAL INCOME: - This is the total amount of income given to a country from economic activities usually in a given year or the total value of goods and services produced annually in a country.

PER-CAPITA INCOME:- This is the  average income of the people of a country in a particular year. It is obtained by diving the national income of a country by its population

ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT: - This refers to the concentrated actions of policy makers and communities that promote the standard of living and economic health of a specific area. It can also be referred to as the qualitative and quantitative changes in the economy. 

Get the complete project »


Instant Share On Social Media:


Can't find what you are looking for?
Call (+234) 07030248044.

OTHER SIMILAR ECONOMICS PROJECTS AND MATERIALS

IMPACT OF GOVERNMENT EXPENDITURE ON ECONOMIC GROWTH IN NIGERIA CHAPTER ONE

 Format: MS WORD ::   Chapters: 1-5 ::   Pages: 71 ::   Attributes: Secondary data, Data Analysis,Abstract  ::   17365 engagements

CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1. Background of the study Government Expenditure no doubt is an important instrument for a government to control the economy of a nation. Economists have been well aware...Continue reading »

IMPACT OF MACROECONOMICS VARIABLES ON FIRMS’ PERFORMANCE IN NIGERIA

 Format: MS WORD ::   Chapters: 1-5 ::   Pages: 59 ::   Attributes: Secondary data, Data Analysis, Abstract  ::   10048 engagements

CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1. Background of the study Every company operates within the internal and external environments of business. The internal environments are within a firm such that the pre...Continue reading »

IMPLICATION OF TREASURY SINGLE ACCOUNT ON BANKING SECTOR OF NIGERIA AND THE ECONOMY AS A WHOLE

 Format: MS WORD ::   Chapters: 1-5 ::   Pages: 76 ::   Attributes: Questionnaire, Data Analysis,Abstract  ::   15223 engagements

CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1 BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY Treasury Single Account is a public accounting system under which all government revenue, receipts and income and collected into one single acco...Continue reading »

TAXATION AS A TOOL FOR ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT OF NIGERIA

 Format: MS WORD ::   Chapters: 1-5 ::   Pages: 71 ::   Attributes: Questionnaire, Data Analysis,Abstract  ::   9084 engagements

CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY Nigeria as a nation has the vision of becoming one among the world’s 20 largest economies in the year 2020; this obviously is the brain beh...Continue reading »

THE IMPACT OF COMPANY INCOME TAX REVENUE ON THE DEVELOPING ECONOMIES: THE NIGERIA EXPERIENCE

 Format: MS WORD ::   Chapters: 1-5 ::   Pages: 67 ::   Attributes: Questionnaire, Data Analysis,Abstract  ::   5604 engagements

The article on this topic (impact of company income tax revenue on the developing economies) is an extract from literature review of the project material. The complete project work would be made avail...Continue reading »

THE IMPACT OF TAX ON GOVERNMENT CAPITAL EXPENDITURE AND ECONOMIC GROWTH IN NIGERIA

 Format: MS WORD ::   Chapters: 1-5 ::   Pages: 65 ::   Attributes: Secondary data, Data Analysis,Abstract  ::   8952 engagements

The article on this topic (impact of tax on government capital expenditure and economic growth in Nigeria) is an extract from literature review of the project material. The complete project work would...Continue reading »

What are looking for today?

WHAT OUR CUSTOMERS ARE SAYING:
  • 1. Elkanah Umma from Ahmadu Bello University Zaria said "I had wonderful working experience from you guys. Your side is perfect for research! Keep helping the customers.".
    Rating: Very Good
  • 2. Mamudu Jalloh from University of Makeni said "I actually love it because of it quality ".
    Rating: Excellent
  • 3. Nasra Mohammed Hersi from Simad university said "Thanks for your sharing ".
    Rating: Excellent
  • 4. Ahmed Abdi Mohamud from Abaarso Tech University said "I have a wonderful experience using ProjectClue,".
    Rating: Excellent
  • 5. Hassan Tahlil Mohamed from SIMAD University said "thanks a lot for your solution of the problem".
    Rating: Excellent
  • 6. Abdisalan Hassan Aden from DAHA INTERNATIONAL UNIVERSITY said "Thank you first. Second i need you to help your title ".
    Rating: Excellent