1.1. BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
Today, students in tutorial environments face plenty of activity habits that inhibit their tutorial accomplishment. A number of these habits embody suspending preparation and doing preparation in last due dates. These activity habits are named as Procrastination. Procrastination is outlined as a self-adjusting performance and activity orientation for suspending what’s necessary for achieving goals (Hoseini and Kheiri, 2009). In easier words, we have a tendency to mean by Procrastination suspending study for the sake of preparation in associate degree inappropriate time and one in every of the clear samples of this development are learning for preparation for test that is thought as test night study. Consistent with quality level and psychological feature, emotional and activity parts, procrastination has completely different aspects; like tutorial, higher cognitive process and temptation procrastination the foremost necessary of that is tutorial procrastination. Consistent with Still (2007), tutorial procrastination depends upon two categories of position and temperament factors. Position factors together with delay in grant, preparation annoyance and private factors like self-control and low self-consciousness, disorder and lack of progress motivation, hesitancy, attribute anxiety and lack of energy. Golestani and Shorki (2013), believe that procrastination is associate degree action whose main purpose – initially look – is to form life a lot of appropriate however in most of the cases, its consequence is nothing however stress, mental mess and serial failures. Numerous probable reasons are noted for educational procrastination among students. Researchers note low scores and tutorial performance (Hosein and Soltan, 2010), issues of public health (Yasemi et al., 2012), low confidence and shallowness (Abolghasemi et al., 2012), low self-efficacy (Klassen et al) concern from failure and preparation and assignment hate (Fatima et al., 2011) and psychological feature lack of confidence as (Golestani and Shorki, 2013) as associated with procrastination. One in every of the opposite variables that is meant during this analysis and is ostensibly associated with negligence is psychological health. Psychological health is critical for students’ relationships at school and its importance manifests itself in family and social relationships and alternative aspects of life. Researches outline psychological health because the ability for creating balanced and coordinated relations with others, changes and modifications of social and private atmosphere and determination personal conflicts and tendencies in an exceedingly logical, truthful and acceptable manner and believe that psychological state in not only being free from psychological disorders, however it's the power of reaction to numerous forms of life experiences in an exceedingly versatile and important manner (Omindvar, 2013). Consistent with specialists, psychological state is expounded to non-public welfare, family relationships, social and role of person in society and cluster. Psychological state plays associate degree doubtless and crucial role in developing thinking and communication skills, emotional growth, flexibility and shallowness of person from birth to death. Moreover, those that are mentally healthy have a lot of balanced behaviour, shallowness, positive feeling to themselves et al. and a particular, truthful and sound behaviour with others. Conversely, individuals of low psychological state cannot have associate degree acceptable interaction with others and therefore the expertise a way of guilt, mistrust and obedience in social relations. Their specific concern was on anxiety and depression (Santa, 2007). Psychological state permits somebody to acknowledge emotional and mental abilities and skills and play role with success in home, school, geographic point and society. By considering this issue that psychological state is one in every of the foremost necessary resources of human life and contributes to the life quality of individuals and promotion of social goals, awareness from factors poignant and threatening health appears necessary. Consistent with results of some studies, numerous forms of procrastination frequent among students that doubles the importance of recognition and addressing the explanations of prevalence of it. For example, researches disclosed that seventieth of scholars and two hundred of individuals has procrastination orientations (Savari, 2012). Consistent with some researchers, procrastination is that the major problem of most of scholars in order that it negatively affects their tutorial accomplishment and life quality (McKane et al., 2012). The necessary issue is that despite of intensive researches in recent years concerning procrastination, the explanations of this comprehensive downside remained unknown (Tmanayi et al., 2012) and polishing off a lot of studies relating to this downside appears necessary. Therefore, author intends to perform a study correlatively to analyze the link between tutorial negligence and psychological state and tutorial accomplishment among students of secondary schools in order that it will notice new aspects and dimensions of the explanations of procrastination for explaining personal and tutorial specifications of scholars.
1.2 STATEMENT OF PROBLEM
Students who procrastinate responding to their academic responsibility could be inclined to poor study habit as they might find it difficult to plan their activities, manage their time, develop study times table or coordinate a productive balance between their academic and socio-personal life activities. When students consistently procrastinate and engage in poor study habit, they tend to lose focus, ill-motivated to excel academically and could express anxiety while studying or sitting for examinations. They could also develop negative self verbalisation; helplessness and poor academic performance that could put them at academic risk and this reflect the character of some Nigerian secondary school students.
1.3 AIMS OF THE STUDY
The major purpose of this study is to examine impact of procrastination on academic performance among secondary school students. Other general objectives of the study are:
To examine the role of procrastination in deferring academic activities of secondary school students.
To examine the effects of procrastination on learning of secondary school students.
To examine the impact of procrastination on student’s academic performance in secondary schools.
To examine the factors contributing towards procrastination among secondary school students.
To examine the relationship between procrastination and academic performance of students in secondary schools.
To examine the academic problems caused by procrastination among secondary school students.
1.4 RESEARCH QUESTIONS
What are the roles of procrastination in deferring academic activities of secondary school students?
What are the effects of procrastination on learning of secondary school students?
What are the impacts of procrastination on student’s academic performance in secondary schools?
What are the factors contributing towards procrastination among secondary school students?
What is the relationship between procrastination and academic performance of students in secondary schools?
What are the academic problems caused by procrastination among secondary school students?
1.5 RESEARCH HYPOTHESES
There is no significant impact of procrastination on student’s academic performance in secondary schools.
There is no significant relationship between procrastination and student’s academic performance in secondary schools.
1.6 SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
This research aims to benefit students, specifically secondary School students, and also the administrators of those schools in a way for them to be able to understand the factors in the students’ study habits which affect their academic performance. It is important to have a clear understanding on what hinders and improves one’s educational achievement. Hence, this assimilation will provide deeper awareness for the beneficiaries on how the relationships of these variables affect one another. Results concluded in this research can aid the school administration in enhancing the curriculum and strategies toward a more effective delivery of learning. Teachers will also be help in understanding better diversity of learning of their students and develop more effective teaching strategies, and teacher-student relationship in the educational institution.
In the other ways, it is understood that investigation into this broad area of study will exposed so many things hitherto dominant facts and which previous researchers in this field has failed to investigated. The results and implications would be helpful for secondary learning institution practitioners, and for the academic students. Lastly, the consequences of this study would give directions for realistic intervention that could be fruitful to both the faculty and the students of secondary schools in Lagos State.
1.7 SCOPE OF THE STUDY
The study is based on impact of procrastination on academic performance among secondary school students in Kosofe L.G.A, Lagos state.
1.8 LIMITATION OF STUDY
Financial constraint- Insufficient fund tends to impede the efficiency of the researcher in sourcing for the relevant materials, literature or information and in the process of data collection (internet, questionnaire and interview).
Time constraint- The researcher will simultaneously engage in this study with other academic work. This consequently will cut down on the time devoted for the research work.
1.8 DEFINITION OF TERMS
Procrastination: The act or habit of procrastinating, or putting off a delay, especially something requiring immediate attention.
Academic: Relating to schools, colleges, and universities, or connected with studying and thinking, not with practical skills.
Performance: The accomplishment of a given task measured against preset known standards of accuracy, completeness, cost, and speed. In a contract, performance is deemed to be the fulfilment of an obligation, in a manner that releases the performer from all liabilities under the contract.
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