ProjectClue.com WhatsApp or Call Us

projectclue whatsapp icon07030248044

Project Topic:

THE EFFECTS OF POVERTY ON THE ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF PUPILS IN YENAGOA LGA BAYELSA STATE

Project Information:

 Format: MS WORD ::   Chapters: 1-5 ::   Pages: 60 ::   Attributes: Questionnaire, Data Analysis,Abstract  ::   4,106 people found this useful

Project Department:

EDUCATION UNDERGRADUATE PROJECT TOPICS, RESEARCH WORKS AND MATERIALS

Project Body:

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1   BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY

Over the past decades, the unfortunate reality is that the income gap has widened betweenSouthern Nigerian families. Educational outcomes are one of the key areas influenced by familyincome. Children from low-income families often start school already behind their peers whocome from more affluent families. The incidence, depth, duration and timing of poverty allinfluence a child’s educational performance, along with communitycharacteristics and social networks (Evan, 2004). However, both Southern Nigeria and international organizationshave shown that the effects of poverty can be reduced using sustainable interventions.

Meanwhile, poverty remains a stubborn fact of life even in rich countries. According toHarris (2006) complex web of social relationships student experience with peers, adults in theschool and family members exerts a much greater influence on their academic performance. This processstarts with student core relationship with parents or primary caregivers in their lives, whichform a personality that is either secure and attached or insecure and unattached. Securelyattached children perform better in school (Bali, Granger, Kivlighan, Mills-Koonce,Willongby&Greeberg, 2008). Once pupils are in school, the dual factors of socializationand social status contribute significantly to academic achievement. The school socialization processtypically pressure student to be like their peer or risk social rejection, whereas the quest forhigh social status drives pupils to attempt to differentiate themselves in some areas, forexample, socio-economic status forms a huge part in this equation. Children raised in povertyrarely choose to behave differently, but are faced daily with overwhelming challenges thataffluent children never have to confront and their brains have adapted to suboptimalconditions in ways that undermine good school performance.

The human conditions which we might classify as being in poverty have a long history with avariety of interpretations; these conditions are influenced by a number of factors includingresources, contemporary standards and public perceptions of what is minimally acceptable (Evans, 2004).

One of the social issue facing pupils of poverty is emotional trauma. The emotional climatecan often be very stressful and emotionally depriving. The lack of emotional nurturing canlead to feelings of alienation, inadequacy, depression and anxiety. Aggressive or impulsivebehaviour and social withdrawal can also result, which in turn can affect their academic performance. However, the overall goal of this study is to provide an insight into theinfluence of poverty on student academic performance.

1.2   STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM

Strong, secure relationships devoid of poverty and lack help stabilize children’s emotionally and provide the core guidanceneeded to build lifelong social skills. Children who grew up with such relationships learnhealthy, appropriate emotional responses to everyday situations. But children raise in poorhomes often fail to learn these responses, to the detriment of their school performance. Forexample, pupils with emotional instability may get so easily frustrated that they give upon a task when success was just moments away. Social dysfunction may inhibit pupils’ability to work well in cooperative groups, quite possibly leading to their exclusion by groupmembers who believe they aren’t “doing their part” or “pulling their share of load”. Thisexclusion and the accompanying decrease in collaboration and exchange of informationexacerbate at risk pupils’ already shaky academic performance. However, the researcher is examining the effects of poverty on the academic performance of the pupils in The primary schools under study.

1.3   OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY

The following are the objectives of this study:

  1. To examine the effects of poverty on the academic performance of pupils in primary schools.
  2. To identify other factors affecting the academic performance of pupils in primary schools.
  3. To determine the factors encouraging poverty in the society.

1.4   RESEARCH QUESTIONS

  1. What are the effects of poverty on the academic performance of the pupils in primary schools?
  2. What are the other factors affecting the academic performance of the pupils in primary schools?
  3. What are the factors encouraging poverty in the society?

1.5   HYPOTHESIS

HO: There is no significant relationship between poverty and student’s academic performance

HA: There is significant relationship between poverty and student’s academic performance

1.6   SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY

The following are the significance of this study:

  1. The result of this study will educate the general public on the effects of poverty on the performance of pupils.
  2. This research will be a contribution to the body of literature in the area of the effect of personality trait on student’s academic performance, thereby constituting the empirical literature for future research in the subject area.

1.7   SCOPE/LIMITATIONS OF THE STUDY

This study will cover the poverty level and its effect on the performance of the pupilsin primary schools under study.

LIMITATION OF STUDY

Financial constraint- Insufficient fund tends to impede the efficiency of the researcher in sourcing for the relevant materials, literature or information and in the process of data collection (internet, questionnaire and interview).

Time constraint- The researcher will simultaneously engage in this study with other academic work. This consequently will cut down on the time devoted for the research work.

 

REFERENCES

Harris, J. R. (2006). No Two Alike: Human Nature and Human Individuality. New York:

W.W. Norton.

Evans, G. W. (2004). The environment of childhood poverty.American psychologist, 39(5),

924-933.

Bleir, C., Granger, D. A., Kivlighan, K. T., Mills-Koonce, R., Willonghby, M. & Greenberg,

M. T. (2008). Maternal and child contributions to certisol response to emotional

arousal in young children from low-income, rural communities. Developmental

Psychology, 44(4), 1095-1109.

Get the complete project »


Instant Share On Social Media:


Can't find what you are looking for?
Call (+234) 07030248044.

OTHER SIMILAR EDUCATION PROJECTS AND MATERIALS

A COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF THE ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF WELL-BEHAVED AND DELINQUENT STUDENTS

 Format: MS WORD ::   Chapters: 1 - 5  ::   Pages: 85 ::   Attributes: Abstract, Table Of Content, Questionnaire, Data Analysis  ::   3461 engagements

ABSTRACT The study focused on the comparative analysis of the academic performance of the well-behaved and delinquent students, in Esan-West Local Government Area. Three research questions were used t...Continue reading »

A COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF THE ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF WELL-BEHAVED AND DELINQUENT STUDENTS

 Format: MS WORD ::   Chapters: 1 - 5 ::   Pages: 63 ::   Attributes: Questionnaire, Data Analysis

ABSTRACT The study focused on the comparative analysis of the academic performance of the well-behaved and delinquent students, in Esan-West Local Government Area. Three research questions were used ...Continue reading »

A COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF THE PERFORMANCE OF STUDENTS IN MOCK AND WASSCE EXAMINATIONS IN AGRICULTURAL SCIENCE IN NIGERIA (A CASE STUDY OF SELECTED SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN MARKURDI BENUE STATE)

 Format: MS WORD ::   Chapters: 1-5 ::   Pages: 70 ::   Attributes: Questionnaire, Data Analysis  ::   6999 engagements

ABSTRACT This research work compared student’s performance in MOCK and WAEC examination in Agricultural science. This study was prompted and motivated by the continuous use of MOCK examination ...Continue reading »

A COMPARATIVE STUDY OF MANAGEMENT PRACTICES PRIVATE AND PUBLIC SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN NIGERIA (A CASE STUDY ORU WEST LGA IMO STATE)

 Format: MS WORD ::   Chapters: 1-5 ::   Pages: 67 ::   Attributes: Questionnaire, Data Analysis, Abstract  ::   5683 engagements

ABSTRACT This study was conducted to compare management practices and output of private and public secondary schools in Oru West Local Government Area of Imo State. Stratified random sampling techniq...Continue reading »

A COMPARATIVE STUDY OF SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN FOOD AND NUTRITION IN WAEC & NECO EXAMINATIONS FROM 2006-2011

 Format: MS WORD ::   Chapters: 1-5 ::   Pages: 75 ::   Attributes: Questionnaire, Data Analysis,Abstract

ABSTRACT This paper compares and examines the performance of secondary school students who were candidates in food and nutrition examinations of both the West African Examination Council (WAEC) and Na...Continue reading »

A COMPARATIVE STUDY OF SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN FOOD AND NUTRITION IN WAEC & NECO EXAMINATIONS FROM 2006-2011

 Format: MS WORD ::   Chapters: 1-5 ::   Pages: 68 ::   Attributes: Questionnaire, Data Analysis, abstract  ::   14871 engagements

ABSTRACT This paper compares and examines the performance of secondary school students who were candidates in food and nutrition examinations of both the West African Examination Council (WAEC) and Na...Continue reading »

What are looking for today?

WHAT OUR CUSTOMERS ARE SAYING:
  • 1. Abubakar Sani from Nigerian Investment Promotion Commission said "I had a wonderful experience using ProjectClue, they delivered not only on time, but the content had good quality. I recommend ProjectClue for any project research work.".
    Rating: Excellent
  • 2. Ogunniran Olawale from Ekiti state university said "Projectclue is really safe and reliable Quick access to project works Nice customer service Fast delivery of request Recommend this toy fellow students ".
    Rating: Excellent
  • 3. Fahat Nasir from isa kaita college of education dutsinma said "Fish farming a solution unemployment ".
    Rating: Very Good
  • 4. Ajimbi Oluwarotimi from Theology school osun said "Good ".
    Rating: Very Good
  • 5. Clement Abdullahi Ogiji from National Open University of Nigeria said "I am a living witness and have recommended project clue to a lot of students, so far none have been disappointed, very reliable and, trustworthy and dependable".
    Rating: Excellent
  • 6. Jhuee from Sultan national high school said "Good quality. I recommend project clue for any project research work.".
    Rating: Excellent