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Project Topic:

THE IMPLICATION OF SANITATION ON STUDENTS’ HEALTH IN NNAMDI AKIZWE UNIVERSITY

Project Information:

 Format: MS WORD ::   Chapters: 1 - 5 ::   Pages: 63 ::   Attributes: Questionnaire, Data Analysis  ::   13 people found this useful

Project Department:

EDUCATION UNDERGRADUATE PROJECT TOPICS, RESEARCH WORKS AND MATERIALS

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

CHAPTER ONE

1.0     INTRODUCTION        

1.1     BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY 

1.2     STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM

1.3     OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY     

1.4     RESEARCH QUESTIONS

1.5     SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY 

1.6     SCOPE OF THE STUDY

1.7     LIMITATION OF THE STUDY

1.8     DEFINITION OF TERMS     

CHAPTER TWO

2.0     LITERATURE REVIEW

CHAPTER THREE

3.0     RESEARCH METHODOLOGY

CHAPTER FOUR

4.0     DATA ANALYSIS

CHAPTER FIVE

5.0     SUMMARY OF FINDINGS, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATION

REFRENCE

APPENDIX

CHAPTER ONE

1.0            INTRODUCTION

1.1 BACKGROUND STUDY

Health has been defined by the Oxford Dictionary as the condition of the body or mind. The World Health Organisation (WHO) which is an authority on health matters defines health as a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being, and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity. WHO's definition emphasises sound mind in a sound body all things being equal and this positive definition has led modern general practice approach in which health comes to be connoted in the physical, psychological and social terms.

Thus health can be seen as a state of well-being due to the influences and impacts of the physical environment and sanitation on man. Good health is thus part of the overall development of a community.  The issue of public health is a concern to the citizen and everybody or organisation, Professor Winslow related the issue of public health to sanitation. According to him, "It is the science and art of preventing diseases, prolonging life, promoting physical and mental health and efficiency through organised community efforts through the sanitation of the environment, the control of community infection... all of which will ensure a standard of living for every individual in the community, adequate for the maintenance of health". 

The issue of public health is a concern to the citizen and everybody or organisation, Professor Winslow related the issue of public health to sanitation. According to him, "It is the science and art of preventing diseases, prolonging life, promoting physical and mental health and efficiency through organised community efforts through the sanitation of the environment, the control of community infection... all of which will ensure a standard of living for every individual in the community, adequate for the maintenance of health".  The Webster New International Dictionary defines public health as a science and art that deals with the protection and improvement of community health by organised community effort and including preventive medicine, sanitary and social services.

However, man's activities on the environment have tended to degrade and make the environment untidy and unlit for human habitation because of its poor sanitation nature. Sanitation can be said to be the state of cleanliness. It is a broad concept and connotes the process of keeping something clean. According to Kpatrick (1980), sanitation is the arrangement for protecting the health, especially the removal of the human, industrial and domestic wastes. Sanitation is also a process embarked upon to keep the total of man's environment hazard free.  Generally speaking, sanitation is geared towards the protection and promotion of public health which meant the improvement of the environment. 

Accordingly, public health is an effort organised by society to protect, promote and restore the peoples health and is the combination of sciences, skill and beliefs that are directed to the maintenance and improvement of health through collective and social action. It emphasises the prevention of diseases and this can be achieved through proper sanitation. Sanitation whether in the urban or rural area protects or enhances the environment and by extension the health of the citizens. Sanitation is thus that aspect of our environment which may affect the health of the citizen

1.2     STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM

It has been observed that the adoption of proper sanitation among students in the university is lacking and this affects the learning environment. One of the major effect of poor sanitation is the spread of diseases among students, example of these diseases are diarrhea, malaria, typhoid, etc. There is a saying that “Health is Wealth”, it is however important for students to cultivate the habit of imploring  a good sanitation in order to prevent the infection of diseases.

The school environment must be properly cleaned in order to protect the health of students and also to protect the visitors. It however important for the school management to provide the various means to ensure a clean environment, these can be achieved by providing adequate waste bin and also by employing adequate cleaners whose duties are to make sure the school environment is well taken care.

Students should be warned against improper disposal of solid materials around the school premises. Improper disposal of polythene bags, bottles, can, etc, is one of the challenges facing the achievement of a well kept environment. For these reasons, it is important to carry out study on the implication of sanitation on students’ health in Nnamdi Akizwe University.

1.3     OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY     

The general objective of this study is to examine the implication of sanitation on students’ health in Nnamdi Azikwe University. The specific objectives are:

1.     To ascertain the impact of sanitation on the students’ learning in Nnamdi Azikwe University.

2.     To find out if there is availability of health-care facilities in Nnamdi Azikwe University.

3.     To examine the effect of poor sanitation on the health of students in Nnamdi Azikwe University.

4.     To investigate if students of Nnamdi Azikwe University are aware of the implication of indiscriminate waste disposal in their environment.

5.     To examine the efficacy of waste control management control in Nnamdi Azikwe University.

1.4     RESEARCH QUESTIONS

The relevant research questions related to this study are:

1.     What is the impact of sanitation on the students’ learning in Nnamdi Azikwe University?

2.     Is there availability of health-care facilities in Nnamdi Azikwe University?

3.     What is the effect of poor sanitation on the health of students in Nnamdi Azikwe University?

4.     Are students of Nnamdi Azikwe University aware of the implication of indiscriminate waste disposal in their environment?

5.     What is the efficacy of waste control management control in Nnamdi Azikwe University?

1.5     SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY 

The finding from this study is important to students and university managements. This study points out the impact of poor sanitation on the health of human. It also elucidates the importance of good sanitation on human health and the environment. Students are educated on their role in maintain a clean environment which in turn improves their health.

The study highlights the responsibilities of the university management on how to maintain a clean and conducive learning environment. The state of the learning environment will influence the productivity of teachers which in turn determines the performances of students.

The finding from this research can also be used as a reference material for other researchers who will likely carry out a study on a related topic

1.6     SCOPE OF THE STUDY

The scope of this study is to examine the implication of sanitation on students’ health in Nnamdi Akizwe University.

1.7     LIMITATION OF THE STUDY

Some of the major constraints the researchers encountered in putting up this research include lack of time, lack of willingness to give information by respondent and also limited resources

1.8     DEFINITION OF TERMS     

Sanitation: conditions relating to public health, especially the provision of clean drinking water and adequate sewage disposal.

Health: is a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity.

Typhoid: an infectious bacterial fever with an eruption of red spots on the chest and abdomen and severe intestinal irritation.

Waste management: the processes involved in dealing with the waste of humans and organisms, including minimization, handling, processing, storage, recycling, transport, and final disposal.

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