ProjectClue.com We're Ready, Call Us

(+234) 07030248044

Project Topic:

THE INFLUENCE OF INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS AS EDUCATIONAL TOOL ON LEARNING ABILITIES OF PRIMARY SCHOOL PUPILS (A CASE STUDY OF MATTER DEI PRIMARY SCHOOL, LAGOS)

Project Information:

 Format: MS WORD ::   Chapters: 1 - 5 ::   Pages: 82 ::   Attributes: Questionnaire, Data Analysis, Abstract  ::   76 people found this useful

Project Department:

EDUCATION UNDERGRADUATE PROJECT TOPICS, RESEARCH WORKS AND MATERIALS

Project Body:

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1. BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY

Learning involves the acquisition of new knowledge, ideas, skills, values and experiences which enable the individual to modify and or alter his actions (NTI Manual, 2016). Learning is a gradual process and presenting any learning concept to learners must be done to appeal to pupils of varied interests and abilities -moving from the known to the unknown and encouraging active class participation. The teacher cannot be said to have achieved his instructional objectives until there is the desired change in the pupils’ behaviour. The teacher is therefore expected to use instructional materials to make the learner learn profitably. Abdu-Raheem (2016) defines instructional materials as essential and significant tools needed for teaching and learning of school subjects to promote teachers efficiency and improve pupils’ performance. Isola (2010) defines instructional materials as objects or devices that assist teachers to present their lessons logically and sequentially to the learners. This means that they serve as a guide to the teaching and learning processes through the logical and sequential preparation and presentation of lessons. Instructional materials can be collectively said to be all the things that are used to support, facilitate, influence or encourage acquisition of knowledge, competency and skill (Abiodun-Oyebanji and Adu 2007). Instructional materials therefore are those things that a teacher or the learner uses in the course of teaching/learning to make learning simple, easy to understand, aid retention and recall whenever it is necessary. Instructional materials can be divided into three major categories based on their sensory appeal, namely; audio, visual and audio-visual. Audio instructional materials are those that appeal to the auditory sense such as radio, audio tapes. Visual instructional materials appeal to the sense of sight and they come in the form of pictures, prints, real objects (models), CDs to mention but a few. Audio-visuals appeal to both the auditory and visual senses of the learner and stimulate interest to learn. Such materials take the form of films, television, audio-visual tapes, CDs, VCDs, DVDs and other high definition electronic devices. ICT has delivered several packages that can aid teaching and learning to achieve desirable learning objectives. These packages are found in mobile devices like smart phones, personal computers, internet facilities and the likes. ICTs provide a lot of learning experiences to learners with varied interest and capabilities. Pictorial illustrations are valuable assets. Projected visuals are able to convey information and specific experiences that are needed for the development of workable concepts. Films can modify motivations, interest, attitude and opinions. Relia (real objects) or three-dimensional models can be effective in teaching/learning as the learner learns a great deal by examining and manipulating a model. Onuekwusi (2005) accounts of what audio-visual materials can do are as follow: they heighten motivation for learning because of their concreteness; foster continuity of thought when words are coupled with explanations in pictures and sounds; provide freshness and variety; appeal to pupils of varied interests and abilities. Others include: encourage active participation, give need reinforcement, widen the range of pupils’ experience, assure order and continuity of thought and improve the effectiveness of other materials. Effective teaching and learning therefore requires a teacher to teach the pupils with instructional materials and use practical activities to make learning more vivid, logical realistic and pragmatic (Akinleye, 2010).

1.2 STATEMENT OF PROBLEM

The transmission of facts, ideas and information from the teacher to the pupils in a systematic order or procedure is referred to as teaching. During this process instructional material otherwise known as teaching aids meant to make instruction more meaningful, clear and much more interesting to pupils are brought in display. For quite some times now, the teaching of pupils has suffered in the hands of un-resourceful and un-motivated teachers, especially at the primary school level. Many teachers at this level feel that primary school lesson does not necessarily need to be accompanied by the uses of instructional materials. There has been general outcry of poor performance of learners in primary school in the state. This poor performance stems from the mare fact that there are inadequate instructional materials or resources that will facilitate the teaching of the basic concept of differs subjects in the primary schools. Jiya, (1998), and Kojo (2016) have noted the above mentioned. The primary school learning therefore appear very abstract and difficult for the learners as they used their sense only. It has been observed the primary school teachers find a very herculean task to accompany their lesson with relevant instructional materials such as audio aids, visual aids, visual and audio-visual aids. This is perhaps due to lack of textbooks or resourcefulness or lack of innovativeness or gross incompetents of the teachers. Whichever is the case, this lack of instructional materials constitutes a great deal of problem for effective teaching and learning of the subjects in primary schools.

1.3. AIMS AND OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY

The major aim of the study is to evaluate the influence of instructional materials as educational tool on learning abilities of Primary school pupils. Other specific objectives are as follows;

  1. To examine the roles of instructional materials on primary school pupils learning abilities.
  2. To examine the challenges that teachers in primary schools face in accessing instructional materials.
  3. To examine the influence of instructional materials on primary school pupils learning abilities and academic achievement.
  4. To examine the extent to which primary school pupils learning abilities can be influenced by the use of instructional materials.
  5. To examine the factors that hinders the effective utilization of instructional materials in primary schools.
  6. To examine strategies that teachers use to minimize the challenges of attaining and using quality instructional materials.

1.4. RESEARCH QUESTIONS

  1. To examine the roles of instructional materials on primary school pupils learning abilities.
  2. To examine the challenges that teachers in primary schools face in accessing instructional materials.
  3. To examine the influence of instructional materials on primary school pupils learning abilities and academic achievement.
  4. To examine the extent to which primary school pupils learning abilities can be influenced by the use of instructional materials.
  5. To examine the factors that hinders the effective utilization of instructional materials in primary schools.
  6. To examine strategies that teachers use to minimize the challenges of attaining and using quality instructional materials.

1.5. RESEARCH HYPOTHESIS

Hypothesis 1

H0: There is no influence of instructional materials on primary school pupils learning abilities and academic achievement.

H1: There is a significant influence of instructional materials on primary school pupils learning abilities and academic achievement.

1.6. SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY

The essence of any research endeavour is an addition to the academic satisfaction, to find solution to the numerous problems confronting man in his attempt to actualize himself in the context of the society. Instructional materials stimulate critical and creative thinking in learners which is an important cornerstone of the primary school philosophy. They also help the learners to develop the skill of analytical enquiry, motivate to produce their own materials and provide experiences that are not easily obtained within the classroom environment. The research will be of help to the younger generation researchers who wish to conduct similar research in the field. It will served as a material to curriculum planners, educational policy makers, writers of different subject textbook and teachers of different subjects in various primary schools.  The findings of this research work will be used to enlighten primary school teachers of the need to make use of audio materials in teaching and learning process. The findings of this research work would be used to encourage the government and school management to provide instructional materials for primary school. Also, the findings of the research study would be used to enlighten the school management of the need to enlighten the school management of the need to provide in-service training and learning process. Finally, this research will be useful to government as findings of this studies as well as recommendations could be used by the ministry of education as frame work to organize seminars and workshop to train primary school teachers on how to teach effectively.

1.7. SCOPE OF THE STUDY

The study is restricted to the influence of instructional materials as educational tool on learning abilities of Primary school pupils, a case study of Matter Dei Primary School, Lagos.

1.8 LIMITATION OF STUDY

Financial constraint- Insufficient fund tends to impede the efficiency of the researcher in sourcing for the relevant materials, literature or information and in the process of data collection (internet, questionnaire and interview).

Time constraint- The researcher will simultaneously engage in this study with other academic work. This consequently will cut down on the time devoted for the research work.

1.8 DEFINITION OF TERMS

Instructional materials: Are facilities given to pupils, so that they can use every opportunity to develop full potential. Instructional materials include fixtures, equipment, and buildings necessary for the effective and efficient operation of the program of public education (uslegal.com, 2015).

Learning: This is the process of acquiring dispositions such as knowledge, skills, values and concepts.

Primary Education: Refers to the waivers of all forms of contributions to education by parents in primary schools.

Get the complete project »

Instant Share On Social Media:

OTHER SIMILAR EDUCATION PROJECTS AND MATERIALS

THE IMPACT OF CLASSROOM PRACTICES ON SECODARY SCHOOL STUDENTS IN OYO STATE

 Format: MS WORD ::   Chapters: 1-5 ::   Pages: 65 ::   Attributes: Questionnaire, Data Analysis, abstract  ::   12875 engagements

ABSTRACT This study investigated the classroom climate practices in public and private secondary schools in Ibadan West Local Government Area of Oyo State. There are 17 public secondary secondary ...Continue reading »

A COMPARATIVE STUDY OF SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN FOOD AND NUTRITION IN WAEC & NECO EXAMINATIONS FROM 2006-2011

 Format: MS WORD ::   Chapters: 1-5 ::   Pages: 68 ::   Attributes: Questionnaire, Data Analysis, abstract  ::   7111 engagements

ABSTRACT This paper compares and examines the performance of secondary school students who were candidates in food and nutrition examinations of both the West African Examination Council (WAEC) and Na...Continue reading »

AN INVESTIGATIVE STUDY ON THE ATTITUDE OF SCHOOL ADOLESCENT STUDENTS TOWARDS GENITAL MUTILATION (A CASE STUDY OF EKET LGA AKW IBOM STATE)

 Format: MS WORD ::   Chapters: 1-5 ::   Pages: 65 ::   Attributes: Questionnaire, Data Analysis, Abstract  ::   5428 engagements

ABSTRACT The main focus of this study was to find out the attitude of in-school adolescents in Eket Local Government Area, Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria towards female genital mutilation. In order to achi...Continue reading »

A CRITICAL ANAYSIS OF THE CAUSES AND EFFECTS OF MASS FAILURE IN MATHEMATICS IN SENIOR SECONDARY SCHOOLS (A CASE STUDY OF UYO LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA)

 Format: MS WORD ::   Chapters: 1-5 ::   Pages: 70 ::   Attributes: Questionnaire, Data Analysis, Abstract  ::   8630 engagements

1.0 INTRODUCTION In recent years, student academic achievement in senior secondary school certificate examination mathematics. The word “Mathematics” is a Greek word, meaning things that ...Continue reading »

THE IMPACT OF LEGISLATION AND IMPLEMETATION OF EDUCATIONAL POLICIES ON TERTIARY INSTITUTIONS ( A CASE STUDY OF LAGOS STATE)

 Format: MS WORD ::   Chapters: 1-5 ::   Pages: 65 ::   Attributes: Questionnaire, Data Analysis, Abstract  ::   4783 engagements

ABSTRACT The study examined legislation and implementation of educational policies in Lagos State tertiary institutions. Descriptive research design was used. A questionnaire titled ‘Legislatio...Continue reading »

THE IMPACT OF E- LEARNING ON THE ACADEMIC PERFROMANCE OF UNDERGRADUATES (A CASE STUDY OF THE UNIVERSITY OF JOS)

 Format: MS WORD ::   Chapters: 1-5 ::   Pages: 70 ::   Attributes: Questionnaire, Data Analysis  ::   7689 engagements

ABSTRACT This study was designed to examine the impact of e-learning on academic performance In University of Jos. To seek their opinion on the students’ perception of e-learning and academic p...Continue reading »

What are looking for today?

WHAT OUR CUSTOMERS ARE SAYING:
  • 1. Abubakar Khalifah @Pkhal_Official from Bayero university kano (BUK) said "Indeed very knowledgeable and helpful. EXCELLENT!!!".
    Rating: Excellent
  • 2. Rabi At Babandi Ibrahim from Federal University gwagwalada said "Thanks very much for your wonderful and amazing solution may the almighty god help you ameen ".
    Rating: Very Good
  • 3. Rabi At Babandi Ibrahim from Federal University gwagwalada said "Thanks very much for your wonderful and amazing solution may the almighty god help you ameen ".
    Rating: Very Good
  • 4. Harry Harris Haniel from Ahmadu Bello University said "Good content ".
    Rating: Very Good
  • 5. Abdulrah-man Abdullahi from University of Benin said "A big thanks to the team for the effort exerted towards the completion of this academic piece. Projectclue shall always be referred to those seeking academic assistance.".
    Rating: Excellent
  • 6. Archit from Vips said "Great work and very value for money, i would recommend this for any project work ".
    Rating: Excellent

Leave a comment: