This research is based on the effect of visual media in teaching and learning of mathematics which could not be over emphasized. Visual media are the ingredients for the effective teaching, most especially in Nigeria primary education system. Chapter one deals with the introduction, while two focuses on literature review. Chapter three treated the research methodology i.e. the method used in carrying out the research. Chapter four is the data analysis which focuses on the result collected from the questionnaire used for the research work while chapter five dwells on conclusion, summary and recommendations for future research.
CHAPTER ONE 1.0 INTRODUCTION 1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
It is well known among educators that the educational experiences involving the learners actively participating in concretes examples are retained longer has elements of reality by providing concretes. Examples of learning many authors have written on the use of instructional materials in teaching mathematics and other related subject in order to enhance teaching for changes in mental and behavioural change. These author include Maluhan (1964) Alake (1978) Adekoye (2008) more especially, it was emphasized in the works of those authors that the use of audio-visual media is affecting behaviour of learners of every field especially mathematics was equally shown by some of the authors that those materials are important. It is obvious that mathematics teaching and learning cannot be well accomplished without the use of instructional materials. The reason is not far fetched advances in which technology have brought instructional materials to the fore front as the most radical tools of globalization and skillful development which have effected the classroom teaching-learning situation positively. Such technological break through as network are non world projected and non projected visual auditory audio visual electronic materials are important land mark in knowledge transfer with them both teaching and learning became very effective learning aids are instructional materials and devices learning are done in school. Example of learning aids are designed materials that may be locally made or commercially produces. They come inform of well charts illustrated pictures pictorial materials and other two dimensional objects. These are also audio visual aids. These are teaching machines like radio, television and all sorts of projectors with sound attributed. It is interesting to notes that a large percentages of trained teachers and these undergoing professional training courses can teach with some of the learning aids. They do so consciously because they know that the use has positive effect on learning outcomes as their cognate experience during teaching practices supervision. They said that learning aids reduce their talk and chalk method. The experiences of pupils will become will or broad by using such media as television and motion picture. Pupils can learn more even through they are still confined to the four wall of the classroom. For instance in education television, different ideas and concept can be taught through real life experience demonstration, excursion etc. They allow pupils to come in contact with expert teachers through visual media, pupils can successfully show interrelationship among complex whole. They also help retention of factual knowledge pictures more often than tend to remember what they can see, hear and touch.
1.2 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
It is against the back drop that project want to critically examine the use of audio-visual media of teaching effective mathematics in primary school in Odeda Local Government Area of Ogun State. Investigating the use audio-visual media of teaching effective mathematics in primary school can be difficult as learning is a long life process.
1.3 PURPOSE OF THE STUDY
The major purpose of this study into find out to usefulness of instructional materials for the effect we teaching and learning of mathematics in Odeda Local Government partially in primary schools.
1.4 SIGNIFICANT OF THE STUDY
The research work will be a formative evaluation for educational planners in assessing the quality of education on the use of audio-visual media of teaching effective mathematics in primary school. Also for educational policy and make the ministry and states department of education the need for incorporating instructional materials improving and ensuring quantitative education among primary school pupils.
1.5 RESEARCH QUESTIONS
The following research questions are to guide the study.
1. Does the use of audio-visual media in primary school improve the quality of primary education?
2. What are the likely challenges of using audio-visual media for effective teaching mathematics?
3. What are the factors that determine quality of education?
4. Does the use of audio-visual media change to learning process in primary education?
This research is restricted to Odeda Local Government Area of Ogun State to some selected primary school. These are as follows:
1. St. John Primary School Orile-Ilugun
2. Ansar-ud-deen Nursery and Primary School Obantoko
3. St. Mary Primary School, Osiele
4. Opeji Primary School, Opeji
5. OLG Primary School, Olodo
6. OLG Primary School, Obantoko
7. St. Andrew Primary School, Kila
8. OLG Primary School, Odeda
9. AUD Primary School, Asipa
10. The Apostolic Primary School, Arege.
1.6 LIMITATION OF THE STUDY
The researcher will like to limit the research project work to some selected Odeda Local Government Area of Ogun State due to insufficient time, inadequate finance and in largend of the local government.
1.7 DEFINITION OF OPERATIONAL TERMS
1. Audio-Visual: These are devices or technology medians or learning devices that helps the teacher to clarify, establish and co-ordinate accurate concepts.
2. Audio: These are sound especially music that is recorded broadcast or played on electronic equipment.
3. Visual: This is material that can be seen which a teachers uses to teach or transmit knowledge to the pupils.
4. The Bulletin Board: This is another visual media it is a cheap medium of instruction and always available in the classroom.
5. Graphic Device: Those media as cartoon, maps, posters, diagrams, drawing. Their used to cover long topic and concepts.
6. Media: This is the process by which large number of people receive information and entertainment that is, television, radio and newspaper.
7. Teaching Media: These are tools used by a teacher to supplement classroom instruction or to stimulate the interest of the pupils.
8. Qualified Teacher: This is a teacher who has acquired the maximum body of skill and knowledge needed to teach a particular subject.
9 Attitude: This is the belief or opinion people generally hold on some principles that usually lead to the community of the society.
10. Primary School: In this, project refers to the formal school set up attended by children at the early age of their lives
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