1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
Industrial development involves development of a technical
arrangement that moves an economy from the traditional method of production to a more complex system of mass manufacturing of variety of goods of services involving technology and management techniques.
Industrialization tends to propel growth and quicken the achievement of structural transformation and diversification of economy. It enable a country to utilize it’s factor endowments and depends less on external sector for its growth and sustenance. They provide employment for a substantial proportion of the industrial establishment. Therefore, due to the above mentioned role played by industrial sector, that is small-scale industries in the economy it requires some financial support from government for the smooth running of the industries.
But small-scale industry is a sub-sector of industrial development that is of great importance as mentioned above, but it has not received the type of attention it deserves that is why the government and the feral ministry of industries lay down the parameter under which a industrialist may take advantage of the various incentive created by the government for ht growth of the small-scale industries. Such incentives are in the form of loan, provision of machinery and equipment, and raw materials.
The process of taking advantage of the various incentive scheme are so cumbersome and its subject to bureaucratic radicalism and only few small scale industries are able to utilize them.
The importance of small-scale industries to the survival of a nation can no longer be saved.
They have moved from the substance level to pre-indigenization period of importance in the country’s industrial process. Therefore the authorities should not relent on the effort of making small scale industries to be inactive due to lack of fund.
The Nigerian Bank was established to provide among other financial services to the indigenous business community, especially small scale industries. Following the recommendation of the financial system review committee of 1976, government made bank the apex financial institution for small scale businesses. The bank obtains fund from the federal government to assist small business and the loans granted are relating on soft terms.
During the 1970’s and 1980, bank promoted of soft loans and advisory services of operational and liquidity problem attributed to reduced government funding and poor loans repayment by medium scale entrepreneur. Bank loans and advances fluctuated from
N87.7million, N223.million, N305.3million, N984.0million and 1994 respectively.
Similarly, its deposit liabilities fluctuated from
N252.0million in 1990 to N423.3million in 1991, N318.7million in 1992 and N32.0million in both 1993 ad 1994.
Following this, the government utilized the opportunity to equip the bank with power to act as a catalyst in development by operating like an all purpose universal bank to engage in all types of investment banking and under writing operation.
1.2 STATEMENT OF PROBLEMS
The study titled “Financing small-scale industries” attempts
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