1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
It is said that to mange on organization is to manage its future. How can the future be management? The answer through a timely procurement of relevant and reliable information is the complement of its procurement. The whole lot of activities therefore ranging form information procurement through its collation validation and analysis to feedback make up what can be seen as a system. The type of system in management is known as management information system (MIS)
Management information system is the formal processes of data collection organization analysis processing and dispersing of information internal and external to the organization in an effective and efficient manner (LUCEY 1987) it entail not only any organized and interacted approach at placing relevant and timely information on the desk of the manager to aid decision making (Modile 1995) but also the control and accessibility any plant on time as may be demanded by management.
Primary the MIS. is set up for the purpose of providing planned and controlled information to all levels of management to effect appropriate decision making This it does by gathering data imputing and processing them into information and further disseminating these items of information to managers in the from of financial as well as non financial information system can be subdivided into functions information system such as marketing information system the financial information system and the present information system and so on depending on the type of organization.
How does the management information system organizations serve various level a of management. The answer is not for fetched for instance for the lower management concerned with the day to day process of supervision and direction of the routine activities of the organization, whose decision are often repetitive with short time horizon and few uncertainties, the MIS provides operational information which are mainly historical detailed largely and narrow in scope. Also it provides and direct the operations and function of the organization. Finally, to the top management, organization as a whole in addition to the formulation of objective the development of strategies, policies and tactics that are to be adopted in achieving organizational goals the MIS
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