As Nigeria is now in a democratic ear after many years of military dictatorship, it is important that out of some of the challenges faced by the journalists and proffer solutions. This project titled the challenges facing Nigeria journalist in a present Democratic Dispensation (September, 2011)” intend to find out whether journalist encounter problems in sustaining democracy in the present democratic dispensation.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
1.1 Background of Study
1.2 Statement of Problem
1.3 Need for the Study
1.4 Significant of study
1.5 Research Question
1.6 Definition of Terms
1.7 Limitation of the Study
1.8 Theoretical Foundation
3.1 Research Design
3.2 Sample Design
3.3 Source of Data `
3.4 Method of Data Collection
3.5 Reliability of the Study
4.2 Research Questions
4.3 Data Analysis
Summary of findings conclusion and recommendations
5.1 Summary of findings
1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
Over the years, Nigeria has suffered a lot of intimidation, humiliation, harassment, imprisonment and frustration, under military leadership in an effort to fulfill their professional ethics. If well examined, history shows how Nigeria has suffered so much and also the effort made by Nigeria journalists to install and maintain a long lasting and genuine democracy.
According to Umechukwu (1973:11) Minere Amakri” the Port Harcourt correspondent for the observer newspaper was arrested tortured and detained after his head was shaved with a broken bottle for reporting on impending strike by teachers in Rivers State. The story appeared in the observer on Governor Alfred Diettepitts birthday.
In 1983, Raly Ekpu a reporter of the concord news paper was arrested and detained a day after Ekpu Published on article in which he said that the rate at which public building were being set on fire to cover up fraud, he would not be surprised if MET, which was reveling that fraud was on fire.
According to Ijendu Ihuaka a punch newspaper correspondent in Enugu, cases of harassment, threats and dismissal of journalists by government is an every day occurrence. He cited the example of Emmanuel one Ibadan correspondents who was asked to leave Enugu by the state governor he escaped death in the hands of assassins by diving grace of God.
Wali Olu, a journalist in Imo State was beaten because of a story that he reported to Radio Nigeria Enugu on 19 October 2009. on the issue of blind people in Imo State protesting against government regretting on them. He told Radio Nigeria that when the blind people were protesting that no government official attended to them.
Chief security of Imo State government house ordered his men to beat him up, after the story was aired on Radio Nigeria Network news.
Some of these cases show that the press is not actually free in Nigeria. But though there was social responsibility theory of the press or mass media as propounded by sieber Petterson and Schram (1963) provided a functional model for the analysis of the journalist role in political evolution and maintenance of a genuine democracy and they include the following:
a. Making sure that the democratic system is serviced by creating the rightful avenues necessary for examples includes discussion and debate.
b. Creating an enabling condition or environment for the economy to grow strong especially through advertising.
c. Adhering strictly to the press council of Nigeria as this will boost the journalist his financial self sufficiency in order to be free from the pressure of government interest (special interest).
d. Entertaining the public with information and other well packaged programmees.
Moreover, the social responsibility theory as articulated by the Hutchins commission of 1946 reports on a free and responsible press. It argues that people to all kinds information and opinion then to let the public decide for them.
Hutchins commission proffered five requirement designed to guarantee balance information from the press and it includes:
1. The media should provide a truthful comprehensive and intelligent account of event in context, which give them meaning.
2. Provide a forum for the exchange of opinion and criticism.
3. Responsible for the presentation and classification of goals and values of the society.
4. Provide representative picture of constitution group in the society.
5. Provide full access to the days intelligence these will tend to back up the centribpetal nature of our policy, but relegating the ones that has to do with the centrifugal aspects of its existence.
The above clearly state the function that the journalist will may in the democratic dispensation that we are in because,
Democracy is the right of the people to participation in the constitutional right to choose, the right to express themselves and the right to demand accountability from those entrusted with the authority of leadership and government.
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