1.0 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
The history of radio began almost 30 years before Maxceni with Cambridge professor called James Clark Maxwell through he had never seen or experience radio wave, Maxwell successfully forecast most of laws that govern their propagation,. Calculating their speed and noting their resemblance to light waves.
Maxwell showed how radio waves could be reflected, absorbed and focused like the beam a torch and could change the very nature of object on which them have focused.
Hardly anybody believed Maxwell in 1864, Pro. David hughed walked up Portland place with device that caught the sound of radio wave.
In 1887, German scientist Heinrich Hertz carried out a famous set of experiments that proved Maxwell had been right all along, and in 1894, the British scientist Oliver lodge succeeded in transmitting wireless signal over 150yards.
The U.S.S.R. celebrates radio day on May 7th to mark a demonstration made by Alexander in 1875.
The popularity of radio represents on the spot reports of news events soon rise and radio networking started in united state in 1926.
Radio broadcasting came to Nigeria in stages in the measure of history. its growth has been an instaneous and rapid as its function. The introduction of wired broadcasting was more popularly known as “Radio Distribution” or “Rediffusion”. It was a service which provided for the relay or distribution of programmes by means of subscriber.
According to Odu Ladele, in his book, history of Nigeria Broadcasting corporation said that a radio distribution service does not usually originate programme. For this reason, it was been regarded as the forerunner of wireless broadcasting system in most common wealth countries. In 1932, a receiving station was constructed in Lagos at the initiative of the engineers of the post and telegraph departments in Lagos who had been involved in monitoring the test transmission of the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) on short waves.
On December 1, 1936 the wired broadcast service was commissioned in Lagos. It was known as the Radio Distribution Service (R.D.S). Initially, BBC programme were reported on a daily basis. In 1948, a short wave transmitter was installed to relay the Lagos R.D.S programme operating under the call sign “Radio Nigeria”.
The picture gradually changed when the N.B.C took over from the P and T on April 1, 1952 and the Nigerian Broadcasting Service went on air. The second phase in Nigeria was ushered in with the commencement of Nigeria Broadcasting Service with the Nigerian Broadcasting House at Ikoyi, Lagos.
The main line of duty of R.D.S was of course to relay, aside of the local programmes, featuring news entertainment and local announcements.
The year 1954, also witnessed the opening of regional stations in Ibadan, Enugu and Kaduna in line with the constitutional provisions of Macpherson constitution which makes the decentralization of Radio broadcasting and which made broadcasting a concurrent subject and allowed regional government to establish their own broadcasting stations.
While the last phase of development of radio broadcasting in the country could be said to have ended with establishment of the Nigerian Broadcasting Corporation in 1957.
1.1 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
The study is to determine the factors influencing students preference for news or musical programmes on Radio, the case study of Federal Radio Corporation Of Nigeria (FRCN). To know the impact of radio among the listeners especially the students.
Also, to determine the rate at which students pay attention to news or musical programmes than other programmes on radio. What is the relevance of these programmes to the lifestyle of these students.
Radio as a medium of communication, does it hold great potential in terms of supporting students who are learning?
Moreover, what are the roles or programming in the radio broadcasting? All these are the radio identified problems of the study that the researcher will find solution to
1.2 STATEMENT OF OBJECTIVE
The study aims is to test the characteristics of radio listeners especially students on this following;
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