Project Topic:

A CRITICAL ANALYSIS OF THE IMPACT OF FINANCIAL REPORTING ON BANK PERFORMANCE (A CASE STUDY OF UNION BANK OF NIGERIA PLC ENUGU)

Project Information:

 Format: MS WORD ::   Chapters: 1 - 5 ::   Pages: 62 ::   Attributes: Questionnaire, Data Analysis, Abstract  ::   1,871 people found this useful

Project Department:

ACCOUNTING UNDERGRADUATE PROJECT TOPICS, RESEARCH WORKS AND MATERIALS

Project Body:

ABSTRACT

The purpose of the study is to examine the impact of financial reporting on bank performance. It is also to find out whether financial reports are prepared to reflect inflation on the economy and finally to find out whether management’s financial ineptitude is usually disclosed to owners while presenting financial reports. The interviews were conducted. Source of information were primary and secondary. Presentation and analysis of data were designed to present and analyze the research result. The result of data collected were presented in a table form and the results were analyzed under the table after the presentations possible findings of the study were that some financial statement contained in financial reports influence investment  remarkable in banks. The annual reports do not reflect inflationary effects in the country to day. Again nature with the assumption that different users of the reports have different information needs. Accordingly the following conclusion were made; although investors and performance evaluation analysis relied on financial statement in their decision and appraisal the reliability of financial reports especially during inflation cannot be assured. It was recommended that the bank should adopt the current east accounting basis for its financial reporting to ensure credibility and reliability of information by the various users.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Title Page       …     …     …     …     …     …     …     …     i

Approval Page  …    …     …     …     …     …     …     …     ii

Dedication    …       …     …     …     …     …     …     …     iii

Acknowledgment  …       …           …     …     …            iv

Proposal         …     …     …     …     …     …     …     …     v

Abstract         …     …     …     …     …     …     …           vi

Table of contents  …      …     …           …     …          viii

       CHAPTER ONE

1.0      INTRODUCTION

1.1  Background of the study                                   1

1.2      Statement of problems                                     4

1.3      Objective of the study                                      6

1.4      Research Question                                           7

1.5      Significance the study                                      7

1.6      Scope and limitations of the study                     9

1.7      Definition of terms                                         11

CHAPTER TWO

2.0      Review of Related Literature

2.1  Introduction                                                  13

2.2      Background  of union Banks of Nigeria Plc     14

2.3      Need for financial reports                                18

2.4      Composition of banks financial report               19

 2.4.1 The Chairman’s report                                  20

2.4.2    The  Directors report                                    20

2.4.3    The Auditors report                                      22

2.4.4    The financial statement                          25

2.5          Various uses of financial reports and

information needs of such users.                    32

2.5.1        Shareholders                                             32

2.5.2        Long-term creditors                                    33

2.5.3        Short-term creditors                                  35

2.5.4        Tax authorities and Government                  37   

2.5.5        Employees and trade Unions                       37

2.5.6        The management                                      37

2.5.7        Analysts / Advisers                                    41

2.6              Financial Reporting by Banks                       42

2.6.1        Introduction                                                    42

2.6.2        The prudential Guidelines                            42

2.7              Performance Evaluation in banks                  46

2.7.1        Efficiency and profitability                           46

2.7.2        Potential and Actual Growth                        48

2.7.3        Loans and Advances.                                 49

CHAPTER THREE

3.0      Research Design and methodology  

3.1  Research  Design                                         51

3.2      Area of the study                                         52

3.3      Population of the study                                 52

3.4      Sample method                                           53

3.5      Research Instrument                                    55

3.6      Validity and Reliability of Research

Instrument                                                55

3.7       Sources of Data                                         56

CHAPTER FOUR

4.0      Presentation and analysis of data  

4.1  Presentation of Result                                  58

4.2      Analysis of result                                        61

CHAPTER FIVE

5.0      Summary of Finding, Conclusion and Recommendation

5.1  Summary of Findings                                  77

5.2      Conclusion                                                 79

5.3      Recommendation                                        80

Bibliography                                               82

Appendixes                                                84

CHAPTER ONE

1.0     INTORDUCTION

1.1     BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY

A student who sits for examination expects result. A farmer who plants crops expects results. The same is also true of an investor.  A result sheet or a report card would usually sulfuric for a student. For the farmer, the result mighty be communicated to him in the from of a bumper harvest.  However, in the case of an investor, then result is communicated through the financial reports.

Financial reports are by law to be prepared by every limited liability company.   These limited liability companies abound in virtually all sector of the economy.

Every company shall cause accounting records to be kept. The accounting records shall be sufficient to show and explain the transitions of the company and shall be such as to disclose with reasonable accuracy, at the any time the financial position of the company.

Financial reports in the banking industry are of great interest to the general public because the banks directly or indirectly interact with people.

This public interest has caused companies (including banks) to accept social as well as economic. Financial and legal responsibilities and has created a consequence, a growing need for the communication of information to account of the results which are of considerable interest to a wide range of individuals and organisations.

So, it become very imperative for reliable information to be circulated to interests parties which can enable them to acquire an essential knowledge of the way in which companies particularly the banks are performing in relation to the public interest. This fact is further educated by the recommendations of the working set up in Britain by the accounting standard committee in October 1974 under the chairmanship of Derek Booth man which took a study of the scope and aim of published financial statement.  The committee recommended that:

“The fundamental objective so corporate reports are to communicate economic measurement of information about the resource and performance of the reporting entity useful to those having reasonable rights to such information”.

It is not an over statement when one says that the banking industry in the fulcrum on which the national economy rotates. This mammoth impact upon a country economy therefore makes it a public affair ie everybody in the  country has a right to know what such organisations are doing, more so all information, necessary to explain the organisation activities fully should be provided in the annual reports.

One of the most significant aspects of the information system of business enterprises in an economy is that which deals with the communication of  financial data, especially in describing business profitability and financial position.  

1.2     STATEMENT OF PROBLEMS

The     genuineness of financial reports has attracted diverse opinions from different quarters; such opinions can come from the general public, tax authorities, shareholders, creditors with long to short term interest financial analysis and potential investors.

They argue that the financial reports do not usually give an accurate data about the activities of such business concerns, for example, the idea of stating assets at their historical costs do not favour most investors as they argue that inflation is not usually taken care of, though the real value of such assets might have been eroded.

Again, since the financial reports are prepared by management’s, the shareholders and other argue that there would usually be some elements of bias on the part of management in the disclose of management’s financial ineptitude.

But in any case the management claims that some inherent problems would usually affect the accuracy of such reports.   It is therefore the intention of this researcher to delve into this matter to enable him establish a relationship between financial reporting and performance evaluation in a bank.

1.3     OBJECTIVE OF THE STUDY

Those companies in the banking industry have had to face the anerous task of presenting a credible and generally acceptable financial statement in their annual reports, to various people to whom they own such obligations.

The specific objective of this study is to:

-         Examine the impact of financial reporting on bank performance.

Other objectives are:

-          Find out whether financial reports are prepared to fight inflation in the economy.

-          To ascertain whether or not management financial ineptitude is usually disclosed to shareholders while preparing financial reports.

1.4     RESEARCH QUESTION

The researcher formulated the following research question:

-         What are the impact of financial reporting on bank performance.

-         Is financial reports prepared to fight inflation in the economy?

-          Does the management of union bank disclose the content of the financial report to their shareholders?

-         To what extent does financial reporting affect the profitability of the bank?

1.5     SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY

Banking industry is a very important sector of the economy. This is because banks can determine the direction of growth or development of the economy through the financial service rendered by banks.  The financial services which includes, finds mobilization, safekeeping and custodianship, funds transfer, foreign exchange transactions, equipment leasing, extension of loans ad advances, investment in securities, bill discounting etc.

       At the end of this study, we shall have been able t establish:

1.     Whether or not the financial reports affects investment in the banking industry.

Get the complete project »


Instant Share On Social Media:


Can't find what you are looking for?
Call (+234) 07030248044.

OTHER SIMILAR ACCOUNTING PROJECTS AND MATERIALS

AN APPRAISAL OF THE IMPLICATION OF ELECTRONIC BANKING IN NIGERIA BANKS (A CASE STUDY OF ACCESS BANK)

 Format: MS WORD ::   Chapters: 1-5 ::   Pages: 67 ::   Attributes: Secondary data, Data Analysis,Abstract  ::   22162 engagements

CHAPTER TWO REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE Electronic banking in Nigeria has overtime been viewed by many especially economists as having a lot of implications on the economy of Nigeria and especially...Continue reading »

A CRITICAL ANALYSIS OF THE USE OF FINANCIAL STATEMENTS IN ASSESSING THE PERFORMANCE OF AN ORGANIZATION (A CASE STUDY OF FIRST BANK NIGERIA)

 Format: MS WORD ::   Chapters: 1-5 ::   Pages: 75 ::   Attributes: Questionnaire, Data Analysis, Abstract  ::   20485 engagements

ABSTRACT The study was carried out to analyse how an organization performs making use of the financial statements with First Bank of Nigeria Plc serving as the case study. the study disclosed that th...Continue reading »

AN EVALUATION OF THE PERFORMANCE OF NIGERIAN STOCK EXCHANGE IN THE ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT OF NIGERIA ( A CASE STUDY OF NIGERIAN STOCK EXCHANGE)

 Format: MS WORD ::   Chapters: 1-5 ::   Pages: 78 ::   Attributes: Questionnaire, Data Analysis,Abstract  ::   9941 engagements

HISTORICAL BACKGROUND OF THE NIGERIA STOCK EXCHANGE IN THE ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT OF NIGERIAN. The nigeria stock excahnge denoted by NSE is a government establishment where stocks are traded on a daill...Continue reading »

APPLICATION OF BUDGETS AND BUDGETARY CONTROL MEASURES IN A NON-PROFIT ORGANIZATION: A CASE STUDY OF APOSTOLIC CHURCH, DELTA

 Format: MS WORD ::   Chapters: 1-5 ::   Pages: 76 ::   Attributes: Questionnaire, Data Analysis,Abstract  ::   13727 engagements

2.1 CONCEPTUAL FRAMEWORK A budget is can be defined by accountants as “a planned outcome to be generated and for the expenditure to ensure during that period and the capital to be employed to a...Continue reading »

ASSESSING BOOK-KEEPING PRACTICES OF SMALL AND MEDIUM SCALE ENTERPRISES IN CALABAR LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA

 Format: MS WORD ::   Chapters: 1-5 ::   Pages: 69 ::   Attributes: Questionnaire, Data Analysis,Abstract  ::   12304 engagements

ABSTRACT The economy of Nigeria cannot function properly or thrive without the micro, small and medium scale enterprises (SMEs). These small scale enterprises cannot function properly if they are not ...Continue reading »

ASSESSMENT OF ADEQUATE RISK RECOGNITION AND MANAGEMENT IN NIGERIAN INSURANCE COMPANIES (A CASE STUDY OF UNION ASSURANCE COMPANY, UYO)

 Format: MS WORD ::   Chapters: 1-5 ::   Pages: 86 ::   Attributes: Questionnaire, Data Analysis  ::   8026 engagements

THE CONCEPT OF RISK Risk has been the subject of study by different scholars over the years with several meaning and definitions. But the most accepted definitions are that of J.E Banister and P.A Baw...Continue reading »

What are looking for today?

WHAT OUR CUSTOMERS ARE SAYING:
  • 1. Asad from Kardan said "useful information, thank you.".
    Rating: Very Good
  • 2. Mwanasinjale Bruno Y. from Catholic University College Of Mbeya (CUCoM) said "Conglatulation to all supporters of the project clue. For what your doing has great impact to the society".
    Rating: Excellent
  • 3. Agaji Gabriel from Federal University of Agriculture Makurdi said "Projectclue is the best for free research topics and material. Kudos to you guy.".
    Rating: Very Good
  • 4. Abiola Adesanya from University Of Lagos Nigeria said "The best portal for undergraduate research projects and free project topics in Nigeria. Kudos to you guys! Project Clue".
    Rating: Very Good
  • 5. Dabung Timothy from University of Jos said "The effect of job stress on employees performance".
    Rating: Excellent
  • 6. Elkanah Umma from Ahmadu Bello University Zaria said "I had wonderful working experience from you guys. Your side is perfect for research! Keep helping the customers.".
    Rating: Very Good