Project Topic:

ACCOUNTING ETHICS AND ITS IMPORTANT ROLE FOR THE REDUCTION OF ACCOUNTING FRAUD

Project Information:

 Format: MS WORD ::   Chapters: 1 - 5 ::   Pages: 71 ::   Attributes: Questionnaire, Data Analysis, Abstract  ::   3,598 people found this useful

Project Department:

ACCOUNTING UNDERGRADUATE PROJECT TOPICS, RESEARCH WORKS AND MATERIALS

Project Body:

ABSTRACT

The study is determined to examine accounting ethics and its important role for the reduction of accounting fraud. This research design uses descriptive and survey method of data collection. The population of study covers students from selected tertiary institution in Rivers State comprising of fifty (50) students from Port Harcourt Polytechnic and fifty (50) students from Ken Saro-Wiwa Polytechnic giving a total population of 100 students from selected tertiary institutions in Rivers State. The Yaro Yemen’s formula was used to determine the sample size of 80. the Pearson moment product correlation was used to test the hypothesis. There is a significant impact of accounting ethics in the reduction of accounting fraud. Based on the findings of the study summary, conclusion and recommendations were made that the accountant in practice needs to pay attention to good ethical conduct and there is the need to adhere strictly to the ethical code of conduct, members need to sign a declaration of compliance with ethical codes periodically. This may be once every year or two years, ICAN needs to  wait  till  a  case  is  formally reported  but  may  cause  preliminary investigation  to  be commenced once the general public becomes aware of such breach. This may be through the new media – printed or electronic and the most breached offences need to continue to attract the most sanction.

 

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY

Ethics in professional Accounting are of utmost importance. Now that widespread corruption in the society and the failure of organization in every parts of the world have once more increased the need for accounting professionals to adhere strictly to the codes of professional ethics prescribe by international Accounting bodies. According to Ogbonna and Appeah (2011), the widespread corruption in the business environment seems to be the order of the day in all societies.

Accountants have obligations to shareholders, creditors, employees, suppliers, the government, the accounting profession and public at large Therefore, behaving ethically is an essential and expected trait; as a result an accountant is responsible for the consequences of his moral choices not only for his own life but also on the lives of other people.

There are many situations in which the guidelines or ethical codes appear not too relevant. Insuch situations, accountants attempt to resolve such issues by choosing from their actions. Many accountants are likely to resolve conflict of interest, situation that border on loss of revenue or job, personal interest and beliefs cultural background and double standards in the application of sanctions without reference to the expectations of the accountancy profession (Akadakpo and Izedonmi, 2013). The issue of what is wrong or right comes up on a daily basis and the practicing accountant, students of accounting, preparer of accounts, accountants planning to set up professional practice, as well as accountants not in practice have obligation to conduct themselves within the limits of good ethical standards.

A well-run profession or business must have high and consistent standards of ethics to stand fast and to stand the test of time (Smith and Smith, 2003). Finance and accounting departments in industries are taking ethical considerations to be extremely important (Vickers, 2005 as cited in Mathenge, 2012). A tension often exists between a company’s financial goals and strategies to improve profits, and ethical considerations with concerns for right-behavior. When the public loses confidence in the ability of the market to prevent corporate misbehavior, it often demands increased  government regulation.  For  example, frequent cases of misconduct by corporate executives have led to the passage of various Acts in Nigeria, Such Acts include the Companies and Allied Matters Act, 2004 Cap C20, LFN, the Economic and Financial Crimes Commission (EFCC) Act, 2004, the Investment and Securities Act (ISA) 2007, the Independent Corrupt Practices and other Related Offences (ICPC) Act 2003, Banks and other Financial Institutions Decree 2004, the Nigerian Deposit Insurance Corporation Act 2006, Money Laundering Act, and many others.

The ethical lapses among public accountants, these has necessitated a revision  of the accounting professional standards (Rist, 2002). Interestingly, professional accountant   working in accounting firms are faced with new challenges within the profession because of the debacles of large corporations (Swift, 2002). Organizational cultures and environment pose a good opportunity for accountants to exploit the loopholes in reporting and financial management. Though finance and accounting departments in most organisation are expected to foster the growth of ethical education and awareness but they are often faced with stiff resistance from the top level management (Fisher and Lovell, 2009).

Ethical standards set by professional accounting bodies in Nigeria, ICAN and ANAN, can act to supercharge the engine of morality and good conducts in the discharge of auditing functions in Nigeria. Efforts are being made to introduce and enforce the practice of ethical standards by the regulatory bodies, however, strict adherence to the standards has been a problem (Gowthorpe and Amat, 2005).

1.2 STATEMENT OF PROBLEMS

Even with knowledge of good ethical guidelines, members still fall foul of the rules. The confidence ofthe investing public in the practicing accountants is being called to question. People have asked why members breach rules and whether all that needs to be included under ethical guidelines have been duty covered or whether the problem has more to do with procedures for implementing/enforcing the ethical standards.

Even though recognized professional accounting bodies in Nigeria, like ICAN and ANAN, are tryingvery hard to ensure best practice in the auditing profession via the enforcement of professional code of conduct for their members, the strict observance of such codes is still questionable. This study examine the need for good ethical values in professional practice of public accounting in Nigeria. Since there is growing critism of accountants in public practice and their counterparts in private sectors then it is of significance to embark on a study such as this to further explore the relationship between accounting ethics and the practice of accounting profession in Nigeria. The following research questions were raised to address this problem.

1.3 OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY

The main objectives o the study is to examine accounting ethics and its important roles in the reduction of accounting fraud. The specific objectives are as follows;

  1. To examine whether quantum of fines and/or punishment meted to erring members serve as reference to members.
  2. The existence   of   professional   clause   for   declaration   of   compliance   to   ethical   standard by Auditors/accountants in their reports

3. To examine whether accounting ethics have any impact on the practice of accounting profession in the reduction of accounting fraud in Nigeria.

  1. To examine whether ethical codes of conduct address all the issues that border on ethical practices.

1.4 RESEARCH QUESTIONS

  1. Does quantum of fines and/or punishment meted to erring members serve as deferent to members?
  2. Does the existence   of   professional   clause   for   declaration   of   compliance   to   ethical   standard by Auditors/accountants in their reports?

3. Does accounting ethics have any impact on the practice of accounting profession in the reduction of accounting fraud in Nigeria?

4. Does ethical codes of conduct address all the issues that border on ethical practices?

1.5 STATEMENT OF HYPOTHESIS

HO: There is no significant impact of accounting ethics in the reduction of accounting fraud.

HI: There is a significant impact of accounting ethics in the reduction of accounting fraud.

1.6 SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY

Finding from the study will be of immense benefits in a number of ways and to different groups of persons.

For policy making, the expected result outcome shall serve as a useful guide for future policies as it relates to accounting ethics and fraud reduction.

For further studies, it will serve as a reservoir of knowledge for such academic exercises.

1.7 SCOPE OF THE STUDY

This study covers accounting ethics and its important role in the reduction of accounting fraud. The study limits scope to some selected tertiary institution in Rivers State which include Ken Saro-Wiwa Polytechnic, Port Harcourt polytechnic, Rumuola Port Harcourt.

1.8 LIMITATION OF THE STUDY

The limitations encountered by the researcher of this work are given as follows:

The confidential nature of information in the institutions posed as a problem to this study.

The researcher was unable to reach all the members of the sample as a result of their frequent travels and busy schedule.

The  sample  used  in  the  research  though   representative  but  it  is relatively small compared to the population, as a result of lack of financial with which to carry out the research on a greater sample.

1.9 DEFINITION OF TERMS

Ethics:-  Ethicsis a moral philosophy is a branch of philosophy that involves systematizing, defending, and recommending concepts of right and wrong.

Accounting Ethics:- Accounting ethics is primarily a field of applied ethics and is part of business ethics and human ethics, the study of moral values and judgments as they apply to accountancy.

Performance:- A performance, in the performing arts, generally comprises an event in which a performer or group of performers present one or more works of art to an audience. Usually the performers participate in rehearsals beforehand. Afterwards audience members often applaud.

Get the complete project »


Instant Share On Social Media:


Can't find what you are looking for?
Call (+234) 07030248044.

OTHER SIMILAR ACCOUNTING PROJECTS AND MATERIALS

AN APPRAISAL OF THE IMPLICATION OF ELECTRONIC BANKING IN NIGERIA BANKS (A CASE STUDY OF ACCESS BANK)

 Format: MS WORD ::   Chapters: 1-5 ::   Pages: 67 ::   Attributes: Secondary data, Data Analysis,Abstract  ::   22548 engagements

CHAPTER TWO REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE Electronic banking in Nigeria has overtime been viewed by many especially economists as having a lot of implications on the economy of Nigeria and especially...Continue reading »

A CRITICAL ANALYSIS OF THE USE OF FINANCIAL STATEMENTS IN ASSESSING THE PERFORMANCE OF AN ORGANIZATION (A CASE STUDY OF FIRST BANK NIGERIA)

 Format: MS WORD ::   Chapters: 1-5 ::   Pages: 75 ::   Attributes: Questionnaire, Data Analysis, Abstract  ::   20839 engagements

ABSTRACT The study was carried out to analyse how an organization performs making use of the financial statements with First Bank of Nigeria Plc serving as the case study. the study disclosed that th...Continue reading »

AN EVALUATION OF THE PERFORMANCE OF NIGERIAN STOCK EXCHANGE IN THE ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT OF NIGERIA ( A CASE STUDY OF NIGERIAN STOCK EXCHANGE)

 Format: MS WORD ::   Chapters: 1-5 ::   Pages: 78 ::   Attributes: Questionnaire, Data Analysis,Abstract  ::   10098 engagements

HISTORICAL BACKGROUND OF THE NIGERIA STOCK EXCHANGE IN THE ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT OF NIGERIAN. The nigeria stock excahnge denoted by NSE is a government establishment where stocks are traded on a daill...Continue reading »

APPLICATION OF BUDGETS AND BUDGETARY CONTROL MEASURES IN A NON-PROFIT ORGANIZATION: A CASE STUDY OF APOSTOLIC CHURCH, DELTA

 Format: MS WORD ::   Chapters: 1-5 ::   Pages: 76 ::   Attributes: Questionnaire, Data Analysis,Abstract  ::   13998 engagements

2.1 CONCEPTUAL FRAMEWORK A budget is can be defined by accountants as “a planned outcome to be generated and for the expenditure to ensure during that period and the capital to be employed to a...Continue reading »

ASSESSING BOOK-KEEPING PRACTICES OF SMALL AND MEDIUM SCALE ENTERPRISES IN CALABAR LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA

 Format: MS WORD ::   Chapters: 1-5 ::   Pages: 69 ::   Attributes: Questionnaire, Data Analysis,Abstract  ::   12586 engagements

ABSTRACT The economy of Nigeria cannot function properly or thrive without the micro, small and medium scale enterprises (SMEs). These small scale enterprises cannot function properly if they are not ...Continue reading »

ASSESSMENT OF ADEQUATE RISK RECOGNITION AND MANAGEMENT IN NIGERIAN INSURANCE COMPANIES (A CASE STUDY OF UNION ASSURANCE COMPANY, UYO)

 Format: MS WORD ::   Chapters: 1-5 ::   Pages: 86 ::   Attributes: Questionnaire, Data Analysis  ::   8155 engagements

THE CONCEPT OF RISK Risk has been the subject of study by different scholars over the years with several meaning and definitions. But the most accepted definitions are that of J.E Banister and P.A Baw...Continue reading »

What are looking for today?

WHAT OUR CUSTOMERS ARE SAYING:
  • 1. Humphrey from TARABA STATE UNIVERSITY said "I had a wonderful experience using ProjectClue, they delivered not only on time, but the content had good qualty. I recommend ProjectClue for any project research work..".
    Rating: Good
  • 2. HUMPHREY from TARABA STATE UNIVERSITY said "I had a wonderful experience using ProjectClue, they delivered not only on time, but the content had good qualty. I recommend ProjectClue for any project research work.".
    Rating: Good
  • 3. HUMPHREY from TARABA STATE UNIVERSITY said " I had a wonderful experience using ProjectClue, they delivered not only on time, but the content had good qualty. I recommend ProjectClue for any project research work.".
    Rating: Good
  • 4. Asad from Kardan said "useful information, thank you.".
    Rating: Very Good
  • 5. Mwanasinjale Bruno Y. from Catholic University College Of Mbeya (CUCoM) said "Conglatulation to all supporters of the project clue. For what your doing has great impact to the society".
    Rating: Excellent
  • 6. Agaji Gabriel from Federal University of Agriculture Makurdi said "Projectclue is the best for free research topics and material. Kudos to you guy.".
    Rating: Very Good