Project Topic:

AN APPRAISAL OF CORPORATE PERFORMANCE OF SELECTED COMPANIES IN THE MANUFACTURING SECTOR (A CASE STUDY OF DN MAYER PLC)

Project Information:

 Format: MS WORD ::   Chapters: 1 - 5 ::   Pages: 67 ::   Attributes: Questionnaire, Data Analysis, Abstract  ::   1,150 people found this useful

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ACCOUNTING UNDERGRADUATE PROJECT TOPICS, RESEARCH WORKS AND MATERIALS

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ABSTRACT

This research work is proposed an appraisal of corporate performance of selected companies in the manufacturing sector, a case study of DN MAYER PLC. The specific objectives of the study are: To ascertain the impact of performance appraisal in the manufacturing sector; to disclose an in-depth knowledge, clarification and understanding of what performance appraisal is all about and it’s relevance to the manufacturing sector. The research design used in the study is descriptive/survey method as well as the administration of questionnaire to enable the collection of necessary data. The population of the study consists of all staffs of DN MAYER PLC. The simple frequency table was used in presenting the data where the simple regression analysis was used in testing the hypothesis. From the findings it was discovered that appraisal of corporate performance has significant impact in the manufacturing sector. The researcher finally concluded that research work based on the following conclusion and recommendations: companies in the manufacturing should embark on appraisal of corporate performance in order to attain greater economic growth, as this will identify, reveal opportunities and threats which may lead to the introduction of new services by the products they render to their customers and other industries.

 

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY

The primary source of information concerning a firm’s performance is their financial statement that include the income statement, balance sheet, and cash flow and accompanying note. Also a company’s performance could be appraised on the basis of profit made in the year, the output level of the company and increased turnover and more efficient use of resources, in terms of input and output relationships. Critics argue that performance appraisal distracts from the fundamental economic role of businesses; others argue that it is nothing more than superficial window- dressing; others also argue that it is in an attempt to pre-empt the role of government as a watchdog over powerful manufacturing companies (Armstrong, 2001). Performance appraisal system assists management to plan and control activities, and to make decisions which enable the objectives of the organization as a whole to be met. Performance evaluation could also be seen as the periodic review of result against set objectives and goals to reveal result, if there is any deviation if need be, corrective measures be put in place.

Performance appraisal is also a method by which the job performance of an employee is evaluated. Performance appraisals are part of career development and consist of regular review of employee performance within organizations. (Quchi, 2007).

A number of models or framework for conducting an organizational performance exist, the choice of which framework (or combination of frameworks) to use depends on the nature of the organization, on the purpose of the assessment and on the context in which the assessed organization operates (Mzenge, 2003).

Simons (1987) defines corporate performance using an approach of market mechanism by which the company actively interacts with the financial, factor and customer product markets. In the financial market, corporate performance strives to satisfy shareholders and creditors in the form of financial indicators. Different aspects of  corporate performance have been important in strategic management and accounting research.

1.2 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM

Following the prevailing economic melt-down in the country, the performance of manufacturing companies has been on the decline, reported profit and sales is also on the decrease, expansion and growth is on the decrease too, and some factory went into extinction completely.

In practice, the operation and performance of manufacturing companies are evaluated and appraised to enable the management of such company take well informed decision.

The study, an appraisal of corporate performance of selected companies in the manufacturing sector is designed to evaluate, appraise the operations and performance of DN MAYER PLC.

1.3 OBJECTIVE OF THE STUDY

This research work is carried out on “an appraisal of corporate performance of selected companies in the manufacturing sector” a case study of DN MAYER PLC. The study is specifically carried out in an attempt to achieve the following objectives.

  1. To ascertain the impact of performance appraisal in the manufacturing sector.
  2. To disclosed in-depth knowledge, clarification and understanding of what performance appraisal is all about and its relevance to the manufacturing sector.
  3. To suggest possible recommendation to the problems militating against effective appraisal of corporate performance.

1.4 SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY

The findings of this research study shall contribute to the existing body of knowledge in the field of accountancy.

The management of manufacturing industries shall also find this study relevant. The wide array of knowledge which the study shall generate will be useful to them in reducing cost and maximizing profit and sales, and will enable them choose the right alternatives in the decision making process.

In addition, this research study will assist company executives and shareholders in ensuring that appraisal of corporate performance is pivotal in the growth of the organization, since planning and controlling the resources of the organization are their primary concern.

1.5 RESEARCH QUESTION

For the purpose of this research study, several research questions are posed for the better understanding and to ascertain the impact of performance appraisal in the manufacturing sector. Therefore, the following questions are asked to guide us in the study:

  1. Does performance appraisal play any vital role in the manufacturing sector?
  2. Does management of the company consider it necessary to adopt a procedure for performance appraisal?
  3. Are performance appraisal relevant to managerial decision making in the manufacturing sector?

1.6 RESEARCH HYPOTHESIS

In every research study, there exist basically two types of research hypothesis. They are the null and alternate hypothesis. The null hypothesis represents the negative implication and it is usually denoted (Ho) and the alternate hypothesis represents the positive implication and it is usually denoted by (H1).

H0: The appraisal of corporate performance does not have any significant impact in the manufacturing sector.

H1:  The appraisal of corporate performance has significant impact in the manufacturing sector.

1.7 LIMITATION OF THE STUDY

The most limiting factor encountered in the course of carrying out this research work was lack of fund. Also the time duration required for the completion was too short.

1.8 SCOPE OF THE STUDY

It was the intention of the researcher that at least seven companies in Port Harcourt would be covered under study, but due to inherent difficulties such as time and financial constraint, it becomes practicably impossible to make contact with all the companies.

However, the research has confined the study to DN MAYER PLC in Port Harcourt.

1.9 SUMMARY

This research is on appraisal of corporate performance of selected companies in the manufacturing sector. This research, chapter one represents the introduction, statement of the problem, the objectives of the study, the research questions, the research hypothesis, the scope of the study, significance of the study, limitation of the study and the reference.

DEFINITION OF TERMS

CORPORATE: Corporate is a business entity which has separate legal personality, with limited liability or unlimited liability for its members and shareholders, who buy and sell shares/stocks depending on the performance of the board of directors.

CORPORATE PERFORMANCE: Corporate performance can be defined as the organization’s ability to attain its goals by using resources in an efficient and effective manner.

APPRAISAL: A judgment or opinion of something or somebody, especially one that assesses effectiveness or usefulness.

PERFORMANCE: Working effectiveness, the way in which somebody does a job, judged by its effectiveness.

PERFORMANCE APPRAISAL: Is the periodic review of results against set objectives and strategies to reveal whether there is any deviation from plans and if need be, take a corrective  actions.

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