ProjectClue.com WhatsApp or Call Us

projectclue whatsapp icon07030248044

Project Topic:

BANK FRAUD AND ITS EFFECTS ON NIGERIANS ECONOMY (A Case Study Of Afribank Nigeria Plc Enugu)

Project Information:

 Format: MS WORD ::   Chapters: 1 - 5  ::   Pages: 74 ::   Attributes: Questionnaire, Data Analysis,Abstract  ::   4,343 people found this useful

Project Department:

ACCOUNTING UNDERGRADUATE PROJECT TOPICS, RESEARCH WORKS AND MATERIALS

Project Body:

ABSTRACT
Cases of frauds and foreign in banks have not only become incessant but have also been on the increase in recent years. Although frauds and foreign in banks are global phenomena, their growth in Nigeria Deposit Insurance Corporations (NDIC) annual report for instance, presents a disturbing picture of rising trends of fraud in banks from N360.2 million in 1992 to N351.9 million in 1991. The amount unloved in frauds in commercial banks alone rose to N1, 377.15 million in 1993, whereas the actual expected loss rose from N64.8 million to N241.0 million. 
Fraud, in banks is clearly unacceptably something’s drastic ought to be done to gently stem the tide in view of its image implications for the banking industry and the adverse effects it will have on the economy. The study emerges in response to this development. In carrying out this research work, questionnaires were distributed to the respondents for their reactions. Equally oral interviews were also carried out and some texts written by eminent scholars were consulted. The researcher believed all these would give enough information for a sound report. This study therefore seeks to identify the causes and effects of book fraud. After analyzing the returned 25 questionnaire distributed to the staff of Afribank Nigeria PLC Enugu, the following findings were made: 
1. No internal control system is 100% errors proof but the internal control system of banks can be designed to make the perpetration of fraud difficult. 
2. Non-periodic review of work by bank management gives loophole and the tendency to commit fraud in the industry. 
3. The law enforcement agencies of the countries fail to deal seriously with the bank fraud sters apprehended and handed over to them. 
Based on these, the following recommendation were made: 
1. The use of close circuit television surveillance should be commencing in all banks.
2. Bank should ensure that computer operator’s passwords are kept in safe hands when there is movement of Alfred staff.

 

Table Of Contents
Contents 
Cover Page 
Title Page 
Approval Page 
Dedication 
Acknowledgment 
Abstract
Contents

Chapter One 
1.0 Introduction 

1.1 Background Of The Study 
1.2 Statement Of Problems 
1.3 Purpose Of The Study 
1.4 Research Questions 
1.5 Significance Of The Study 
1.6 Scope And Limitation

Chapter Two 
2.0 Literature Review

2.1 Major Causes Of Bank Fraud 
2.1.0 Institutional Causes Of Fraud 
- Volume Of Work 
- Number Of Staff 
- Banking Experience 
- Inadequate / Lack Of Staff Training 
- Poor Management 
- Staff Negligence 
- Recruitment System 
- Poor Security Arrangement For Documents 
- Use Of Sophisticated Accounting Machines 
- Frustration 
- Inadequate Infrastructure 
- Lapses In The Management 
- Control System Of Corporate Customers 
2.1.1 Environmental / Social Causes 
- Societal Value 
- Personality Profile Of Dramatize Personnel 
- Slow Legal Process 
- Lack Of Effective Deterrent Punishment 
2.2 Efects Of Bank Frauds 
2.2.0 Effects Of Bank Fraud On The Banking Industry 
- Crises Of Confidence Among Bank Customers 
- Image Implementations 
2.2.1 Effects On Our Economy
2.3 Nature And Types Of Fraud 
2.3.0 Advanced Fee Fraud 
2.3.1 Cheque Kitting Fraud 
2.3.2 Account Opening Fraud 
2.3.4 Money Transfer Fraud 
2.3.5 Loans Fraud 
2.3.6 Counterfeit Securities 
2.3.7 Cheque Fraud 
2.3.8 Money Laundering Fraud 
2.3.9 Clearing Fraud 
2.3.10 Computer Fraud 
2.3.11 Telex Fraud

Chapter Three 
3.0 Research Design And Methodology

3.1 Area Of Study 
3.2 Population 
3.3 Sample Size 
3.4 Sampling Method 
3.5 Instrument For Data Collection 
3.5.1 Questionnaire 
3.5.2 Personal Interview 
3.5.3 Secondary Data 
3.6 Analytical Tools

Chapter Four 
4.0 Data Analysis And Interpretation Of Result 

4.1 Analysis Of Operational Questions

Chapter Five 
5.0 Summary Of Findings 

5.1 Recommendation 
5.2 Other Control Measures 
5.3 Conclusion 
Bibliography
Questionnaire

 

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION
BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY

The level of fraud in the present day Nigeria has assumed on epidemic dimension. It has eaten deep into every aspect of our life to the extent that a three years old child talks about 419, the name given to the newly discovered fees fraud that is hunting us a nation. Fraud is defined as “deceit or tricking deliberately practiced in order to gain some advantages dishonestly.” For an action to constitute fraud therefore there must be a dishonest intention and the action must be intended to benefit the perpetrator to the detriment of another person.

Going by this definition, frauds in the Nigeria economy cannot be restricted to the banks alone. Although frauds cut across all sectors of the economy and that size of an enterprises usually determines the volume of frauds perpetrated, such problems as inadequate manpower, poor internal control system, inadequate incentives and unsuitable legal framework for dealing with offenders, downturn in the economy, recognition being accorded the wealthy people regardless of their sources of wealth play a major role in the perpetration of frauds. The fear now is the threats which this devilish and unscrupulous act will pos to the stability and survival of individual financial institution and the performance of the industry as a whole for one things, frauds result in huge financial losses to financial institutions and their customers, depletion of shareholders frauds and capital base as well as loss of confidence in financial institutions.

Frauds and foreign also have negative effect on the banking industry. Today, various banks cannot withstand the growing pressure of competition among various banks due to the monster called bank frauds. Equally, the confidence place on banks are fast eroding because some people new prefer keeping their money at their homes instead of keeping them in the banks. The fear is now ………….. that if this act is not arrested, it might deplete our resources because foreign investors might not find it wise to transact business via our banks.

1.2 STATEMENT OF PROBLEMS 
The problems of this research work will revolve around finding out the continuous cases of bank frauds in virtually all banks and other financial institution. Other problems include why banks have not been able to find solution that will help in curbing the banks and financial institutions frauds.

Furthermore, the research is aimed at finding the economic effects of frauds to the total economy of the nation, and the consequences of these frauds to our international relationship on global market economy.

1.3 PURPOSE OF THE STUDY 
The purpose of this study is to identify the efforts of government and its agencies in the prevention and control of fraud. By so doing, one would have emphasized the tripartite segments involved in fighting this economic crime which is threatening the very foundation of the financial system. To be able to do this, this research seek to identify the following: 
a. The causes of banks fraud in Nigeria.
b. The nature of bank frauds.
c. The extent of bank fraud in Nigeria and 
d. Ways of minimizing or eliminating bank fraud in Nigeria.

1.4 RESEARCH QUESTIONS 
The following research questions guided this study: 
1. Does lack of effective internal control lead to banking fraud? 
2. Does lack of enough motivation or incentive causes banking fraud? 
3. Is bank fraud common in all banks? 
4. Do societal values contribute to bank fraud? 
5. Do bank frauds contribute to the dwindling economy fortune of our country?
1.5 SIGNIFICANT OF THE STUDY
The research work will be beneficial to bank and financial institutions who are directly facing extrication as a result of financial losses due to fraud. It will also be beneficial to the government and other public factors who are gradually bank confidence in banks, and the customers banks relationship that are greatly hampered as a result of frauds.

This project will also be beneficial to the general public who are losing huge sums of money to banks that are declared distress without adequate compensation. It will enable them know the various ways frauds are perpetrated. This can give them on insight to detect frauds easily. The general public will also benefit, as this will enable them know the role of the organizations or the management in checking frauds.

1.6 SCOPE AND LIMITATIONS 
Bank fraud and its effects on our economy, is an extensive topic that may involve commercial banks and community banks. The researcher would like to touch all aspects of banking activities, but for want of time and financial constraints, the researcher limits his work to frauds in the commercial banks especially Afribank Nigeria PLC Enugu.

Most importantly, records and publications could be reached easily and frauds traced in the commercial banks than other banks. Though the writer dwelled a little into fraud in merchant Banks emphasis is place more on commercial banks. 

Get the complete project »


Instant Share On Social Media:


Can't find what you are looking for?
Call (+234) 07030248044.

OTHER SIMILAR ACCOUNTING PROJECTS AND MATERIALS

A COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF COMPUTERIZED ACCOUNTING SYSTEM AND MANUAL ACCOUNTING SYSTEM

 Format: MS WORD ::   Chapters: 1 - 5 ::   Pages: 72 ::   Attributes: Questionnaire, Data Analysis, Abstract  ::   4771 engagements

CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY Accounting system according to an Italian monk, Luca Pacioli (1491), is the combination of personnel records and procedures that a business uses...Continue reading »

A COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF COMPUTERIZED ACCOUNTING SYSTEM AND MANUAL ACCOUNTING SYSTEM

 Format: MS WORD ::   Chapters: 1 - 5 ::   Pages: 70 ::   Attributes: Questionnaire, Data Analysis, Abstract

CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY Accounting system according to an Italian monk, Luca Pacioli (1491), is the combination of personnel records and procedures that a business uses...Continue reading »

A COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF COMPUTERIZED ACCOUNTING SYSTEM AND MANUAL ACCOUNTING SYSTEM (A Case Study Of Ama Breweries Plc. Eke, Udi L.G.A And Africa Petroleum Plc Presidential Road)

 Format: MS WORD ::   Chapters: 1 - 5  ::   Pages: 87 ::   Attributes: Questionnaire, Data Analysis,Abstract  ::   11998 engagements

ABSTRACT This research study is a comparative analysis of computerized accounting system and manual accounting system with reference to Ama breweries plc. and African petroleum plc. all in Enugu state...Continue reading »

A COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF COMPUTERIZED ACCOUNTING SYSTEM AND MANUAL ACCOUNTING SYSTEM (A study of Ama breweries Plc. and Africa petroleum Plc)

 Format: MS WORD ::   Chapters: 1 - 5 ::   Pages: 72 ::   Attributes: Questionnaire, Data Analysis, Abstract  ::   3361 engagements

ABSTRACT This research study is a comparative analysis of computerized accounting system and manual accounting system with reference to Ama breweries plc. and African petroleum plc. all in Enugu stat...Continue reading »

A COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF COMPUTERIZED ACCOUNTING SYSTEM AND MANUAL ACCOUNTING SYSTEM (A study of Ama breweries Plc. Eke, Udi L.G.A and Africa petroleum Plc Presidential road)

 Format: MS WORD ::   Chapters: 1 - 5 ::   Pages: 67 ::   Attributes: Questionnaire, Data Analysis,Abstract  ::   2614 engagements

CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY Accounting system according to an Italian monk, Luca Pacioli (1491), is the combination of personnel records and procedures that a business uses to...Continue reading »

A COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF EARNING QUALITY BEFORE AND AFTER ADOPTION OF IFRS IN NIGERIA (A CASE STUDY OF MONEY DEPOSIT BANKS ABUJA)

 Format: MS WORD ::   Chapters: 1 - 5 ::   Pages: 80 ::   Attributes: Questionnaire, Data Analysis, Abstract  ::   3616 engagements

CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY The purpose of International Financial Reporting Standard (IFRS) is to ensure high degree of transparency and comparability of financial statements....Continue reading »

What are looking for today?

WHAT OUR CUSTOMERS ARE SAYING:
  • 1. Abubakar Sani from Nigerian Investment Promotion Commission said "I had a wonderful experience using ProjectClue, they delivered not only on time, but the content had good quality. I recommend ProjectClue for any project research work.".
    Rating: Excellent
  • 2. Ogunniran Olawale from Ekiti state university said "Projectclue is really safe and reliable Quick access to project works Nice customer service Fast delivery of request Recommend this toy fellow students ".
    Rating: Excellent
  • 3. Fahat Nasir from isa kaita college of education dutsinma said "Fish farming a solution unemployment ".
    Rating: Very Good
  • 4. Ajimbi Oluwarotimi from Theology school osun said "Good ".
    Rating: Very Good
  • 5. Clement Abdullahi Ogiji from National Open University of Nigeria said "I am a living witness and have recommended project clue to a lot of students, so far none have been disappointed, very reliable and, trustworthy and dependable".
    Rating: Excellent
  • 6. Jhuee from Sultan national high school said "Good quality. I recommend project clue for any project research work.".
    Rating: Excellent