ProjectClue.com We're Ready, Call Us

(+234) 07030248044

Project Topic:

EFFECT OF TAX MORALE ON TAX COMPLIANCE IN NIGERIA

Project Information:

 Format: MS-WORD ::   Chapters: 1 - 5 ::   Pages: 65 ::   Attributes: Questionnaire, Data Analysis, Abstract  ::   41 people found this useful

Project Department:

ACCOUNTING UNDERGRADUATE PROJECT TOPICS, RESEARCH WORKS AND MATERIALS

Project Body:

CHAPTER ONE   

INTRODUCTION   

1.1    BACKGROUND OF STUDY   

The concept of Quid Pro Quo applies to every facet of life-taxation inclusive. An average tax payer expects something of value in return from the government for taxes paid (Adebisi and Gbegi, 2013). When this value is not returned to the taxpayers, tax morale may drop gradually, leading to tax evasion. In Nigeria today, tax is regarded as one of the major sources of government funds. Taxation is one of the most discuss issue in government in both developed and developing countries. James and Noble 1992 in their research defined tax as a compulsory levy by a public authority for which nothing is received directly in return. Nightingale in the year 2001 defined tax as compulsory contribution, imposed by government, and while taxpayers may receive nothing identifiable in return for their contribution, they nevertheless have the benefit of living in a relatively educated, healthy and safe society. She went on to on to explain more about taxation as part of the price to be paid for an organized society and identified six reasons for taxation; below are some of the six reasons for taxation:   provision of public goods   redistribution of income and wealth   promotion of social and economic welfare   economic stability and harmonization and   Regulation.           In other words tax can also be defined as a particular amount levied on the citizens by the government against the income, profits, property, wealth and consumption of individuals and corporate organizations to enable government obtain the required revenue to provide basic amenities, security and well-being of the citizens. The term taxation has long being known since the time of the Egyptians under the rulership of Pharaoh according to (Webber and Wildavsky, 1986).   Pharaoh did great by placing his tax collectors on high salaries so as to remove their eyes from fraud. In Nigeria today the issue of corruption is a major clog of the efficiency of tax collection in most part of the country especially in the Ikorodu part of Lagos State in Nigeria.   The issue of tax according to Allingham and Sandmo (1972), in his research stated that corruption of the tax agency is still an issue, especially in developing countries according to the traditional model of tax compliance. The level of corruption in the administration of tax tends to be on the increase; imagine a situation where a taxpayer will manipulate his or her own figure with claim on a poor income on their tax return by solving an expected utility-maximization problem that trade off the tax savings from a poor reporting of true income against the risk of audit and penalties for detected noncompliance.         

1.2 STATEMENT OF PROBLEM   

The standard of living in Nigeria is on the decline and the unwillingness of taxpayers to comply with the payment of tax today tends to become an issue. The average human being abhors the payment of tax. He sees taxation as a discredited imposition and evidently obnoxious. This stems mainly from the absence of a “quid pro quo” i.e. something of value given in return (by the government) for taxes paid. Taxes, it is commonly argued, should not be paid as the authority does not provide amenities which are in any way commensurate with the taxes paid. There is no guaranteed compensation benefit (Adebisi and Gbegi, 2013). The federal government of Nigeria has put in so much effort to administer tax in the development of the Nigeria economy but most of the effort seems abortive as the level of corruption is on the increase. Take Ikorodu local government area of Lagos for instance; most of the inhabitants of this area are petty trader and peasant farmers; compliance to payment of tax tend to become a problem; their reason being that they operate on a small scale and yet the level of tax levied on them is much. There moral for compliance to the payment of tax tends to be on the decrease.         

1.3 AIMS AND OBJECTIVES OF STUDY  

 The major aim of this study is to examine the effect of tax morale on tax compliance in Nigeria. Other specific objectives of the study includes   

1.   To examine the causes of tax evasion in Nigeria.   

2.   To examine the level of tax compliance in Ikorodu local government area.   

3.   To determine the relationship between tax morale and tax compliance in Ikorodu local government area, Lagos state.  

4.   To recommend ways improving tax morale in Ikorodu l0ocal government area, Lagos state.             

1.4. RESEARCH QUESTIONS   

1. What are the effects of tax morale on tax compliance in Nigeria?   

2. What are the causes of tax evasion in Nigeria?   

3. What is the level of tax compliance in Nigeria?   

4. What is the relationship between tax morale and tax compliance in Nigeria?   

5. What are the ways of improving tax compliance in Nigeria?         

1.5. RESEARCH HYPOTHESES  

 Hypothesis 1H0: tax morale does not affect tax compliance in Nigeria   

H1: tax morale affects tax compliance in Nigeria   

Hypothesis 2

H0: there is no significant relationship between tax morale and tax compliance in Nigeria   

H1: there is a significant relationship between tax morale and tax compliance in Nigeria         

1.6. SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY   

This study would be of immense important to government at all level especially the government of Lagos state in formulating efficient tax policies that would improve tax compliance. This study would also benefit students, researchers and scholars who are interested in tax morale and compliance.        

 1.7. SCOPE OF THE STUDY  

 This study is restricted to the effect of tax morale on tax compliance in Nigeria with a case study of Ikorodu local government area of Lagos state         

1.8 Limitation of the study  

 1. Financial constraint- Insufficient fund tends to impede the efficiency of the researcher in sourcing for the relevant materials, literature or information and in the process of data collection (internet, questionnaire and interview).   2. Time constraint- The researcher will simultaneously engage in this study with other academic work. This consequently will cut down on the time devoted for the research work.             

1.9. DEFINITION OF TERMS   

TAX MORALE: Tax in accordance to the study is simply the willingness to pay tax   

EVASION: Tax evasion in accordance to the study may be define as the deliberate negative attitude of tax payer towards payment of tax   

CORRUPTION:this is simply the fraudulent attitudes of taxpayer in the payment of tax   

COMPLIANCE: compliance according to the study is simply the willingness of a taxpayer to pay tax with ease without complain.   

REFERENCE   

Abdulrazaq, M.T. (1993). Principles and practice of Nigerian tax planning and management. Ilorin: Batay Publications Limited.   

Adebisi, J.F. & Gbegi, D.O. (2013). Effect of Tax Avoidance and Tax evasion on Personal Income Tax Administration in Nigeria. American Journal of Humanity and Social Sciences. Vol 1. No.3   

Aitken, S. & Bonneville, L. (1980). A general taxpayer opinion survey. Washington D.C: Internal Revenue Service.   

Asika, N. (2000). Research methodology in the behavioral sciences. Lagos: Longman Nigeria Plc.   

Attwell, R.L. & Sawyer, A. J. (2001). The ethical attitudes of New Zealand tax practitioners-still „barely passing‟? New Zealand Journal of Taxation Law and Policy, 7(2).   

Australian Taxation Office (1997). Australian Taxation Office annual report 1996-1997,Canberra: Commonwealth of Australia.   

Ayres. F. L. & Braithwaite, J. (1992). Responsive regulation: transcend the deregulation debate, New York, Oxford University Press.   

Beck, P., Davis, J. & Jung, W. (1994). Tax advice and reporting under uncertainty: theory and an experimental evidence. Illinois: University of Illinois.   

Braithwaite, V. & Braithwaite, J. (2000). An evolving compliance model for tax enforcement. In N. Shover and J.P. Wright (Eds.) Crimes of privilege. New York: Oxford University Press

Get the complete project »

Instant Share On Social Media:

OTHER SIMILAR ACCOUNTING PROJECTS AND MATERIALS

AN APPRAISAL OF THE IMPLICATION OF ELECTRONIC BANKING IN NIGERIA BANKS (A CASE STUDY OF ACCESS BANK)

 Format: MS WORD ::   Chapters: 1-5 ::   Pages: 67 ::   Attributes: Secondary data, Data Analysis,Abstract  ::   13784 engagements

CHAPTER TWO REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE Electronic banking in Nigeria has overtime been viewed by many especially economists as having a lot of implications on the economy of Nigeria and especially...Continue reading »

A CRITICAL ANALYSIS OF THE USE OF FINANCIAL STATEMENTS IN ASSESSING THE PERFORMANCE OF AN ORGANIZATION (A CASE STUDY OF FIRST BANK NIGERIA)

 Format: MS WORD ::   Chapters: 1-5 ::   Pages: 75 ::   Attributes: Questionnaire, Data Analysis, Abstract  ::   12338 engagements

ABSTRACT The study was carried out to analyse how an organization performs making use of the financial statements with First Bank of Nigeria Plc serving as the case study. the study disclosed that th...Continue reading »

AN EVALUATION OF THE PERFORMANCE OF NIGERIAN STOCK EXCHANGE IN THE ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT OF NIGERIA ( A CASE STUDY OF NIGERIAN STOCK EXCHANGE)

 Format: MS WORD ::   Chapters: 1-5 ::   Pages: 78 ::   Attributes: Questionnaire, Data Analysis,Abstract  ::   5675 engagements

HISTORICAL BACKGROUND OF THE NIGERIA STOCK EXCHANGE IN THE ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT OF NIGERIAN. The nigeria stock excahnge denoted by NSE is a government establishment where stocks are traded on a daill...Continue reading »

APPLICATION OF BUDGETS AND BUDGETARY CONTROL MEASURES IN A NON-PROFIT ORGANIZATION: A CASE STUDY OF APOSTOLIC CHURCH, DELTA

 Format: MS WORD ::   Chapters: 1-5 ::   Pages: 76 ::   Attributes: Questionnaire, Data Analysis,Abstract  ::   7255 engagements

2.1 CONCEPTUAL FRAMEWORK A budget is can be defined by accountants as “a planned outcome to be generated and for the expenditure to ensure during that period and the capital to be employed to a...Continue reading »

ASSESSING BOOK-KEEPING PRACTICES OF SMALL AND MEDIUM SCALE ENTERPRISES IN CALABAR LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA

 Format: MS WORD ::   Chapters: 1-5 ::   Pages: 69 ::   Attributes: Questionnaire, Data Analysis,Abstract  ::   6777 engagements

ABSTRACT The economy of Nigeria cannot function properly or thrive without the micro, small and medium scale enterprises (SMEs). These small scale enterprises cannot function properly if they are not ...Continue reading »

ASSESSMENT OF ADEQUATE RISK RECOGNITION AND MANAGEMENT IN NIGERIAN INSURANCE COMPANIES (A CASE STUDY OF UNION ASSURANCE COMPANY, UYO)

 Format: MS WORD ::   Chapters: 1-5 ::   Pages: 86 ::   Attributes: Questionnaire, Data Analysis  ::   4230 engagements

THE CONCEPT OF RISK Risk has been the subject of study by different scholars over the years with several meaning and definitions. But the most accepted definitions are that of J.E Banister and P.A Baw...Continue reading »

What are looking for today?

WHAT OUR CUSTOMERS ARE SAYING:
  • 1. Abdulrah-man Abdullahi from University of Benin said "A big thanks to the team for the effort exerted towards the completion of this academic piece. Projectclue shall always be referred to those seeking academic assistance.".
    Rating: Excellent
  • 2. Archit from Vips said "Great work and very value for money, i would recommend this for any project work ".
    Rating: Excellent
  • 3. Adebayo Olatunji from Poly ibadan said "The service is good".
    Rating: Very Good
  • 4. Vinatec Ict Global from delta state polytechnic, ogwashi -uku said "good,".
    Rating: Good
  • 5. Sani Tanko from Buk said "Excellent ".
    Rating: Excellent
  • 6. Musa Hassan from Yobe state University said "well acknowledge Write up".
    Rating: Excellent

Leave a comment: