In fact, this word is so dynamic in nature and only thing that is permanent on earth is change. Therefore, people have to put in an adequate financial planning and control in other to withstand the challenges of the future. A business cannot be statistic. It has already been noted that business has to be changing which requires an adequate balance and cash flow for it to go forward or backward but not to be stagnate. Thus, for the business to expand, there must be adequate financial resources.
More so, no business can grow unless proper accounting, marketing, personal, financial and so on are fully staffed with good spirited individuals. The efficiency and effectiveness of any organization be it small, medium or large scale enterprise, depends on their finance, planning, control, and management financial planning and control therefore, enables a firm to monitor its financial environment including attitudes of investors so that it can optimize the benefit of planning from the environment. Systematic and adequate planning will therefore ensure the availability of the amount desired of the business time.
It may be very pertinent to note that financial capital is the major resources of any organization. The financial managers function are as follows:
In a nut shell, the duty of a financial manager is to implement the acquisition, allocation and management of these resources. Moreover, planning and control are the essence of project planning and act as a device that enables management to anticipate change and adapts to it. No business can thrive without some terms of this outstanding twin concepts and success in business is proportional to its planning and the skill with which it is controlled. Accounting to Lemka and Edward (1977), “financial planning and control can therefore be said to be said to be the name given to a system which is being used to increase overall management efficiency”. It is concerned with planning for the allocation of resources to assist in achieving the objectives of efficiency of both large and small scale organizations.
Also with reference to Compsey and Brigham (1985), “financial management involves planning for, acquiring and utilizing funds in a way that minimizes, the efficiency and value of the firm”. Therefore, Enugu State Agricultural Development program (ENADEP) being my case study is not left out in the financial planning and control which constitute the following:
Furthermore, as the term Agriculture implies the cultivation of croups for food to man and animal, rearing of animal and other livestock, and production of raw materials for our industries, ENADEP as an organization acts as an extension agents that creates out step by step method of impacting on the farmers to cultivate good seeds on a good land in other to have a bumper harvest. ENADEP also teach the farmers how to sell their crops in other to make profit and how to store their crops to avoid wastage of the scarce resources using the available storage facilities. Thus, all this line of actions are archived using financial planning and control involves ensuring that there are always enough fund available to avoid default on payment of depts.
Consequently, financial planning and control also entails the normal checks and balances carried out by management to ensure security of asset to protect against theft, manipulation and fraud. Hence, from my reasoning, I deducted that financial planning is a process of protecting all foreseeable future events, verifying the consequences of present decisions, analyzing the intentions and interactions of the financing and investment choices open to the firms and understanding the link between the present and future decisions and thus, helps ENADEP as an organization to achieve and allocate resources in other to attain its objectives in a predetermined way fulfill its organizational policies.
The organization measures its efficiency through project implementation by utilizing budgeting as its main financial planning tool. With reference to ENADEP News letter Magazine (December 2008), captioned Rising prices of food items in the country and the need to Corp them written by pat Chibuoke Onyia, he noted that the nation can feel secure in the faced of a threat of famine arising from serious food insecurity. Although Nigeria is still far from famine but the current food satiation is bad enough to give everyone some concern. Therefore, the government has to finance well, plan well and control well in other to inject money into agriculture and equally train the farmers using the Agriculture extension agents to improve food production in Nigeria and equally raise the standard of living of the farmers and masses at large.
Figure 1.1 shows the attachment of a test of the price situation using the market price survey (mps in Enugu State for 2007).
The price situation using the market price survey (mps in Enugu State for 2007).
ENADEP MARKET PRICE (NARIA/KG/LT) AS AT JANUARY TO DECEMBER 2007
From table/figure 1.1 above, it could be deducted that unless everybody toins hand to produce enough food that is to say if all the table bodies young men and women no matter his or her status should adopt a self help method of “operation feed yourself” to the sustain the vast population, the price of the product will just be so much high and the government’s good plan towards agricultural will run into a serious witch.
It is generally agreed that every one business organization, government and sole-proprietors should employ the principles of financial planning and control as a tool in other to achieve a set goals. To ensure that this goal is achieved, there should be a good budgeting and adequate control system. This is because when budgeting is properly controlled, it leads to good financial planning and control which expected to be a key to management efficiency which is of cause what the researcher bears in mind as part of factors that motivated him. For instant, the Enugu State Agricultural development programme (ENADEP) is one of the principle organization and also to increase the income of small scale farmers and moreover to improve their living standard but in most cases, such organization do not live up to expectation as a result of poor and in efficient financial planning and control adopted and applied by the management of these organizations.
Therefore, the problems of financial planners, ranges from lack sufficient fund, inadequate raw materials, inadequate raw materials, inadequate spear parts etc. consequently, for this research work, the following are the problems which this study hope to provide solution to:
This tries to show the extent to which financial planning and control enables management to achieve its set goals efficiently. This objectives includes:
The following research question were formulated by the researcher for the conduct of this project.
The pertinent of this study lies in the development of financial planning and control approach which will help Enugu State Agricultural Development Program (ENADEP) as an organization to bring out an opportunity to achieve a bumper and massive food production that will be of benefit to both the rural and urban dwellers, the staff as well as future project writers and society at large.
Consequently, this study is of great significant to our Nigerian leaders who makes implement and interprete polices and also to our financial staff of all levels, because it will contribute highly in the development of skills and knowledge as well as leads to the improvement in the growth of the nation’s economy.
The study covers the activities and the management of Enugu State Agricultural Program (ENADEP) which is located at No 1 Garden Avenue Enugu near subway opposite power holding company of Nigeria Enugu.
Out of the various limitations compounded by this study, the major one automatically listed out by the researcher includes:
Organizational structure of ENADEP
ENADEP as an organization is headed by a governing council know as the agricultural development projects executive committee (ADPEC) which is the highest administrative body at the state level and chairman is known as the state governor with so many sub committee member such as the commissioner for Agriculture, the commissioner of local government, rural development and chief-tency matters, the commissioner for works, lands and transport, the commissioner of commerce and industry etc. who have individual works assigned to them under ADPEC, is the program management unit (PUM) headed by the programme manager who is in changing of the day to day administrative control of the project.
Furthermore, in the regional head, it is made up of the Federal Agricultural Co-ordinating Unit (FACU) which is the body that is responsible for the co-ordination of the other Agricultural Development projects nation wide. Thus, the activities of the commercial services are being done by the Enugu State Fertilizer Procurement and Distribution Agency. Then, the overall activities and objectives of ENADEP is to assist the small scale farmers so as to improve their standard of living and this is done in other to help the farmers to increase food production, generate income and to make profit.
Consequently, as ENADEP is rendering these services, if a filed problem is observed, solutions are usually produced and recommendation made practically in farms located at the value of the Monthly Technology Review Meeting (MTRM). Those recommendations which are proved, will be handed to the filed officers at Formatting Training (FNT) at zonal level and group meetings at block and cell levels. The attendance at this meetings is manly by technical services and Rural infrastructural Development Service (RID) staff with Extension Agents and contact farmers featuring prominently.
Therefore figure 1.2 shows the organization chart of ENADEP described above which is depicted schematically below.
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