1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY.
The industrial relation is a discipline that deals with the relationship between employers and employers as they interact with each other.
Looking backward historically, one can say that the coming of the whitemen to the third world countries like Nigeria ushered in so many changes in the way of life of our people including the replacement if our communal world relations by paid employment system. The able bodied men and woman in the society were employed.
For construction of rail way line, motor highways, se5rvants to the white masters are over laboured and as well needed for other jobs that needs strength these men were then remunerated in money but the introduction of ax, made almost compulsory for the adult, makes engage themselves in one form of paid employment or the other.
With the growth of paid employment, there come the need for some kind of job regulation between employers on the other hand acting as a group or unions.
In industrial relations, the government or its agent takes the position of an empires or moderators during the employers and employees controversial negotiations.
Hence it is usually said that industrial relations involves three parties such as the employers, employees and the government or its agency as the empire. This is called tripartite negotiations or dialogue, all these are geared towards maintaining good industrial harmony between the workers and the management or employers.
At first, the workers union often resorts to strike action of making their feelings known to the management to obtain their demand to substitute the collective bargaining for the feeble effort or complete surrender of individual works
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