Project Topic:

PUBLIC SECTOR ACCOUNTING IN NIGERIAN (A CASE STUDY OF NSUKA LOCAL GOVERNMENT FINANCIAL CONTROLS SYSTEM ENUGU STATE)

Project Information:

 Format: MS WORD ::   Chapters: 1 - 5 ::   Pages: 71 ::   Attributes: Questionnaire, Data Analysis,Abstract  ::   779 people found this useful

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ACCOUNTING UNDERGRADUATE PROJECT TOPICS, RESEARCH WORKS AND MATERIALS

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CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

Public sector is that sector of the economy established and is operated by the government or agencies distinguishable form the private sector organized on the behalf of the whole citizen.

To public sector is device despite the privatization and commercialization of some government agencies and appraisals, the sector is still large. Almost all activity to be done in the public sector had to be done with political choice and the political choice play a tidal role in the resources allocation. It is government accounting. It is also define as compost activity of collection, analyzing, recording, summarizing and reporting the financial o the transaction for the government unit. The government either provided service on the natural scale or else redistribute fund, which are managed on semi - autonomous business. In Nigerian for instance, public sector accounting is based on the principle of fiscal federalism. This implies that the fiscal structure of the government is a reflection of its federal and political structure. The federal republic of Nigeria is made of three levels of government, which are the federal, state and local government being the third. All the three ties are guided by the constitution of the republic of Nigeria from which the government decide on who gets what and how allocation of resource to the three ties of the government are granted and those is executed through the process of budgeting unique. Things about public sector accounting is a threat legal instrument demand and delimits the form and the financial statement should take many time, they follow budgeting classification..

In the public sector, we have the federal government accounting, state and local government accounting respectively. The accountings in the federal and state level are the same in that both are made up of the same ministries, parastatals, emergencies and department. The 1976 local government reform and the 1988 implementation guideline on the application of civil service reform in local government service established a standard or uniform multi – purpose single ties government structure throughout the federation.. Consequently each local government accounting system is a replace of the other in term of personal position and function accounting system, financial flow, budgeting and budgetary control system, improved source of revenue and general administration. Significantly, a local government is allowed only six department, Vix personnel, work and housing, transcript, health, and social welfare, education, agriculture, and natural resources, financial and supplies., planning research and statistical department . Out of the size department, only the financial department, handed by the local government treasured is authorized to collect and keep all the revenue  

 

STATEMENT OF PROBLEM

One of the most thing n the researching and understood variables of the public sector accounting in the accountability of their financial control system. Scholars have been speculating on how the fund generated is managed. Only in the resent years have researcher conducted an investigation that yielded useful insight into the fund accountability.

The problems inherent are;

 

1.     Whether the source of revenue available it the local government authority is enough for them

2.     There is doubt that the revenue generated is put into good use

3.     This is misappropriation and leakage of revenue in the local government

4.     A time public doubt if the means of revenue to the local government are flexible or not

5.     An insight will giving into the impact for the financial control in local government development

6.     There is a particular concern on how the public finance in controlled

 

Conclusively, this feasibility study on the financial control of local government will critically make an assessment of the method used by the chairman and accounting officer in the embezzlement of the public fund.

 

OBJECTIVE OF THE STUDY

The major aim of the research is to aid the local governments improve on their revenue generation and collection to that point where all collectable revenue are actually collected and safely paid into the treasury and hence know how the collected revenue is managed. This evolution will be done in the following ways

 

a.      To investigate and expose how and where local government money leakage in their internal generated revenue and collection process

b.      To recommend strategies by which the local government can detail and prevent revenue leakage.

c.       To determine also the problem facing the local government in the control and management of the public funds

d.      To monitor performance and evaluate the management of the public fund in the local government.

e.       To proved information that will be useful for planning and budgeting in the local government

f.        To provide financial information useful to determine predict the economic condition of the government units.

 

SIGNIFICANCES OF THE STUDY

This research work ill be of paramount important basically for file group as the local government area, understudy, other local government areas, the reader, future researcher and the researcher himself as enumerated below.

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