ProjectClue.com WhatsApp or Call Us

projectclue whatsapp icon07030248044

Project Topic:

THE NATIONAL EFFECTS OF EXCHANGE RATE CHANGES ON FOREIGN DEBT SERVICE IN NIGERIA.

Project Information:

 Format: MS WORD ::   Chapters: 1 - 5 ::   Pages: 52 ::   Attributes: Questionnaire, Data Analysis, Abstract  ::   1,544 people found this useful

Project Department:

ACCOUNTING UNDERGRADUATE PROJECT TOPICS, RESEARCH WORKS AND MATERIALS

Project Body:

  TABLE OF CONTENT

CHAPTER ONE

INTNRODUCTION

1.1              Background of the study

1.2              Statement of problem

1.3              Objective of the study

1.4              Research questions

1.5              Formulation of hypotheses

1.6              Scope band limitations of the study

1.7              Definition of terms

References

CHAPTER TWO

2.1              Literature review

2.2               Evolution of Nigeria’s exchange rate policy

2.3              Exchange rate regimes

2.4              Commerce of Nigeria’s external borrowing

2.5              Nigeria’s external debt servicing

2.6              Foreign debt management

2.7              Evidence

References

CHAPTER THREE

RESEARCH METHOLOLOGY

3.1              Research design

3.2              Source of data

3.3              Selection of variables

3.4              Estimation procedure

3.5              Methods for evaluation of results

Reference

CHAPTER FOUR

4.1              Presentation of data

4.2              Data evaluation estimation and testing of hypotheses

4.3              Interpretation of data

References

CHAPTER FIVE

5.0       major findings summary and conclusions

5.1              Major findings

5.2              Recommendations

5.3              Summary

5.4              Conclusions

Bibliography

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1       BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY

            By the year 1970’s and early 1980’s external debt obligation of Nigeria was very significant, but assumed crisis and disagreement in the late 1990’s.

            However, external debt or internal debt obligations results from disagreements between the Fiscal operations of the government when the total expenditure exceeds current revenue for a govern fiscal year. Whenever a county witnesses a budgetary gap, the nation can employ domestic or external borrowing to breach the budgetary gap.

            Borrowing from external sources by the government constituted the external debt of the public sector and the government owned the obligation of debt servings through series of periodic repayment of interest and capital repayment of the debt.

            From the proportion of the gross domestic product (GDP), the external debt outstanding rose, from and average of 7.5 between 1971 and1985 to 91.6 between 1986 and 1994 and it has continues to rise by heaps and bounds every year.  The foreign exchange market to ensure

reasonable stability. The major element of the deregulation  was the re-introduction of the Autonomous foreign exchange market (AFEM). The AFEM is a channel for funding end- users requests for foreign exchange at market-determined rates. The CBN monitors development in the AFEM and take decisions when necessary to keep exchange rates within desired or targeted levels.

            Originally, the Fixed exchange rate of $1.00 = N22.00 was retained for eligible public sector transactions including debt services payment and national priority projects.

             The are-introduction of the usual exchange rate policy is 1995 brought about by the dismal performance of the 1994 re-regulation policy, especially as it regulated to non-oil exports. This new policy was aimed addressing the substantial depreciation of the Naira exchange rate in the parallel market and achieving rate in the parallel market and achieving efficient allocation and utilization of resources. The dual exchange rate was still obtainable until the end of 1998. While the official rate remained fixed at N21.996 to us $ 1.00 and earmarked for selected necessary government transactions The AFEM exchange rate was largely market – determined and the AFEM rate averaged about N83.80 to us $ 1.00 and latter showed a significant depreciation of about 3.1% to N85.54 to Us $ 1.00.

             Since 1998 till date, there has been tremendous changes and fluctuations in the exchange rate of Naira to the Dollar. This has dealt a great blow to the debt service payment of Nigeria go about pleading for debt conciliation and debt forgiveness from the international bodies

1.2              STATEMENT OF PROBLEM

This research is designed on the national effect exchange rate in Nigeria became an external debtor in 1958 when Us $ 28 million was contracted for railway construction. This debt however has fully been repaid.

            From 1978 onwards, due to the oil glut, which exerted considerable pressure on government finances, it became expedient to borrow for balance of payments and support of project Financing in Nigeria.

            This necessity led to the formulation of degree no. 30 of 1978 authorizing the federal government to raise external federal government to raise external loans up to maximum of N5billion.

            Consequently, the First major borrowing of US $ 1 billion referred to as the “JUMBO LOAN” was borrowed from the international capital market (1cm) in 1978, increasing the total external debt stock to us $ 2. 2 billion By 1982, the total external debt stock was US 8 13. 1 billion in 1988 and by December 1991 it amounted to US 833.4 billion.

            Consequently, these drastic since 1978 from concessionary loans from the intentional capital market and the decline in export earnings

made debt servicing burdensome from the 1980’s. The collapse et oil price in 1981 have companioned the problems et an economy that had lost its edibility and led to serious external payments problems, other problems are domestic policy lapses which include

            The unstable and unrealistic exchange rate policies have had serious effects on debt servicing, investment and international trade decisions. Thus, the problem of exchange rate policy to debt services payment is that it increases the debt service payment in arrears, and this results in foreign exchange outflow.

In 1992, 30% of the country’s annual foreign earnings was used to service the debt the cost of servicing the debt in 1993 was N94.57 billion which represents 84.36% of total expenditure outlay of the government of N112.1 billion (Guardian, Feb 3. 1993). In 1999, $ 1.5 billion was budgeted for external debt service.

 

Get the complete project »


Instant Share On Social Media:


Can't find what you are looking for?
Call (+234) 07030248044.

OTHER SIMILAR ACCOUNTING PROJECTS AND MATERIALS

A COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF COMPUTERIZED ACCOUNTING SYSTEM AND MANUAL ACCOUNTING SYSTEM

 Format: MS WORD ::   Chapters: 1 - 5 ::   Pages: 72 ::   Attributes: Questionnaire, Data Analysis, Abstract  ::   4771 engagements

CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY Accounting system according to an Italian monk, Luca Pacioli (1491), is the combination of personnel records and procedures that a business uses...Continue reading »

A COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF COMPUTERIZED ACCOUNTING SYSTEM AND MANUAL ACCOUNTING SYSTEM

 Format: MS WORD ::   Chapters: 1 - 5 ::   Pages: 70 ::   Attributes: Questionnaire, Data Analysis, Abstract

CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY Accounting system according to an Italian monk, Luca Pacioli (1491), is the combination of personnel records and procedures that a business uses...Continue reading »

A COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF COMPUTERIZED ACCOUNTING SYSTEM AND MANUAL ACCOUNTING SYSTEM (A Case Study Of Ama Breweries Plc. Eke, Udi L.G.A And Africa Petroleum Plc Presidential Road)

 Format: MS WORD ::   Chapters: 1 - 5  ::   Pages: 87 ::   Attributes: Questionnaire, Data Analysis,Abstract  ::   11556 engagements

ABSTRACT This research study is a comparative analysis of computerized accounting system and manual accounting system with reference to Ama breweries plc. and African petroleum plc. all in Enugu state...Continue reading »

A COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF COMPUTERIZED ACCOUNTING SYSTEM AND MANUAL ACCOUNTING SYSTEM (A study of Ama breweries Plc. and Africa petroleum Plc)

 Format: MS WORD ::   Chapters: 1 - 5 ::   Pages: 72 ::   Attributes: Questionnaire, Data Analysis, Abstract  ::   3277 engagements

ABSTRACT This research study is a comparative analysis of computerized accounting system and manual accounting system with reference to Ama breweries plc. and African petroleum plc. all in Enugu stat...Continue reading »

A COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF COMPUTERIZED ACCOUNTING SYSTEM AND MANUAL ACCOUNTING SYSTEM (A study of Ama breweries Plc. Eke, Udi L.G.A and Africa petroleum Plc Presidential road)

 Format: MS WORD ::   Chapters: 1 - 5 ::   Pages: 67 ::   Attributes: Questionnaire, Data Analysis,Abstract  ::   2473 engagements

CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY Accounting system according to an Italian monk, Luca Pacioli (1491), is the combination of personnel records and procedures that a business uses to...Continue reading »

A COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF EARNING QUALITY BEFORE AND AFTER ADOPTION OF IFRS IN NIGERIA (A CASE STUDY OF MONEY DEPOSIT BANKS ABUJA)

 Format: MS WORD ::   Chapters: 1 - 5 ::   Pages: 80 ::   Attributes: Questionnaire, Data Analysis, Abstract  ::   3519 engagements

CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY The purpose of International Financial Reporting Standard (IFRS) is to ensure high degree of transparency and comparability of financial statements....Continue reading »

What are looking for today?

WHAT OUR CUSTOMERS ARE SAYING:
  • 1. Abubakar Sani from Nigerian Investment Promotion Commission said "I had a wonderful experience using ProjectClue, they delivered not only on time, but the content had good quality. I recommend ProjectClue for any project research work.".
    Rating: Excellent
  • 2. Ogunniran Olawale from Ekiti state university said "Projectclue is really safe and reliable Quick access to project works Nice customer service Fast delivery of request Recommend this toy fellow students ".
    Rating: Excellent
  • 3. Fahat Nasir from isa kaita college of education dutsinma said "Fish farming a solution unemployment ".
    Rating: Very Good
  • 4. Ajimbi Oluwarotimi from Theology school osun said "Good ".
    Rating: Very Good
  • 5. Clement Abdullahi Ogiji from National Open University of Nigeria said "I am a living witness and have recommended project clue to a lot of students, so far none have been disappointed, very reliable and, trustworthy and dependable".
    Rating: Excellent
  • 6. Jhuee from Sultan national high school said "Good quality. I recommend project clue for any project research work.".
    Rating: Excellent