In most establishments, the desire to achieve optimal level of productivity is very crucial to managerial objective. In other to achieve this management of every organization needs to be boosted though a number of incentive scheme. Researchers over the years have looked into how best workers can be motivated as well as how employees were expected to conduct themselves for the purpose of organizational effectiveness and high level of productivity. This scheme is very important to both the organization and employees. It is anticipated that a good employees incentive scheme will induce the employee to work hard and improve their general attitude towards the organization.
Numbers of research haven been conducted on this subjective matter. According to the earliest economist, Adam (1994) he sees man as a rational animal motivated by the desire to maximize his economic gain and his has subsequently led management, to believe that worker’s can instantly be motivated to increase productivity by means of mere promise of more money. However, the psychological theory of motivation gives one an insight into factor which influence human behaviour on the attitude disposition of the individual.
Motivation is the sense of need, the desire that prompt an individual to act. Abraham Mashow (1943) had developed the hierarchy of need concept to explain human behaviour in terms of need fulfillment, as part of his theory of human motivation.
Motivation is a willingness to expand energy to achieve a goal or a reward. It is a process of stimulating people to action to accomplish desired goals. Hacket (1976) Sees, motivation as something which implies a person to act, a reason for behaviour.
Often time, workers or employee are attracted to certain organization not only because of the pay but also because of the benefit attached to them.
The significant of this research work is aimed at getting the relevant information on motivating employees in other to achieve organizational goals.
The study is aimed to cover Rivers State, Port Harcourt. The coverage of the study is limited to all the workers in coca cola bottling company in Port Harcourt.
Generally all aspect of human endeavor are characterized some limiting factor and the researcher is faced with some of the following.
To enable a better understanding of this research work, some of the terms used is further explained.
BONUS: It is the payment added to what is usually given to employee.
EFFECTIVENESS: The degree to which objectives are achieved and the extent to which targeted problem are solved.
EFFICIENCY: This is the extent to which time and resource is well used for the indented task.
EMPLOYEE: An individual who provides labour to a company or another person in return for wages or salary.
FRINGE BENEFIT: This refer to something of value apart agreed regular monetary payment of salary given by employee to an employer.
INCENTIVE: It is a major instrument through which an individual can be motivated. It can be reward recognition of work or money that is most commonly used form of incentive.
IMPACT: This is a way of evaluating change from an intervention or development programme.
MANAGEMENT: According to Peter Ducker (1999), management is that organ of the society specially charged with making resource productive for organized advancement.
MOTIVATION: This refers to the way in which urges, , desire, aspiration, striving, needs, direct, control or explain the bahaviour of human beings.
PRODUCTIVITY: It is efficiency in an industry by comparing the amount produced with the time taken or the used to produce it.
SALARY: It is a fixed regular payment made to employee every month for doing a job.
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