ProjectClue.com We're Ready, Call Us

(+234) 07030248044

Project Topic:

IMPACT OF MILITARY RULE ON THE PRACTICE OF JOURNALISM IN NIGERIA

Project Information:

 Format: MS WORD ::   Chapters: 1 - 5 ::   Pages: 81 ::   Attributes: Questionnaire, Data Analysis,Abstract  ::   22 people found this useful

Project Department:

MASS COMMUNICATION UNDERGRADUATE PROJECT TOPICS, RESEARCH WORKS AND MATERIALS

Project Body:

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1 BACKGROUD OF THE STUDY

 There is the belief in some quarters that Journalism in Nigeria under the military regime is characterized by the “Praise signing syndrome” of the Nigeria society. Some other critics say that Nigeria are strange among praise singers, accusers and sympathizer. When a government is in power people sing praises of the administration even in the face of glaring inefficiency of the public office holders.

On January 15, 1966 when the first military regime came into power, the late Major General J.T.U Agnyi Ironsi was eulogized for establishing a military government based on group of principles. When Ironsi was killed in July 1966 counter coup, he was described by one Newspaper columnist who was one of the most local adherents of the Ironsi administration as “A hard drinking general whose administration lacked a sense of direction. In Gwon’s leadership he was praised flattered and worshipped. It is mentors and adviser referred to him as “God given leader” However when the revolutionary coup d etat by the late General Murtala mohammed swept Gwon out of Dodan Barracks. The same praise singers turned around to call the former God given leader such un complimentary names as Wanted man” fugitive offender” and so on

The Murtala/Obansanjo regime which handed over power to the civilian was accused of painlessness without Nigerians knowing that the successor of that regime would be on epitome of painlessness. Graft and squander mania

Again in December 31, 1984 another coup d’etal which saw major General Mohammed Buhari as the head of state and commander in chief of the armed forces of the federal republic of Nigeria came to pass with the coup, expectation of Nigeria including individuals’ organization and educational institution become high.

The Nigerian press as the spokes man of the people maintained and echoed the expectations of the regime. That was another movement of looking back to what the situation was before the military came in. expressing the people’s view and opinion as to what the new military administration would do.

 The print media came up with editorial features, articles, opinion columns and cartoon on the military administration. The regime never lived up to the expectation of Nigeria and was flattered by Journalism thereafter.

On August 07, 1985 the Nigerian mass media sang another praise song and was flattered condemning the Buhari/Idiagbor led regime. Which was ousted by the Babangida regime.

Before long in 1993 August 27, when Babangida relinquished power to the Ernest Shonekan headed national interim government of Nigeria following the annulment of |June 1993 presidential election. The Babangider regime had its own condemnation  by the Nigeria mass media.

The Abacha’s regime was with praises when it took over powers from Ernest Shonekan led interim national Government

These initial praises of Journalism to the change of government was significant especially when a mouth piece of the people, Journalism has followed with bewilderment, the defunct Shonekan led Nigeria as it deteriorated.

This is to say that journalism in Nigeria, especially Nigeria newspapers saw the fall of the Shonekan led Nigeria coming and therefore has the most privileged opportunity to react the way they did when the military regime of General Abacha came to power. And the regime on the other hand humiliated Journalism by arresting, detaining and killing press men and even closing down media at will.

Yet the Nigerian mass media kept on their numerous task of publishing government activities and policies as well as making their stand or opinion on certain issues or actions of the government known. The Abdulsalam Abubakar’s regime was not an exception. The media praised him throughout its nine month reign, but when it succeeded by civil rule in may 29, 1999, the media changed the tone of their praise to that of condemnation. Though not in totality but in areas of financial management.

Journalism profession in Nigeria encounters a catalogue of problems especially under the military regime. There has been no smooth romance between the journalists and the government in power, rather what was seen then was harassment, detention without trial, of the journalist involved. These hazards/dangers that face the profession were caused by the incessant enactment of repressive press laws by the government.

The masses depend on the journalists for information on what is happening in their immediate environment, therefore, the journalists is the link between the rulers and ruled. So any negative treatment on the journalists affects not only the people in the profession, but also the attitude and behaviour of the Nigerian populace in general.

Therefore, the hazardous nature of journalism profession under the military era should be looked into so as to discourage the populace not to admit anything like military rule again in the Nigerian society. It was said that the worst administration in a democratic dispensation is far much better than the best administration under military regime.

Nat withstanding the fact that certain legal/professional techniques were employed to check and curtail the excesses of journalists, the military, when in power, were known for chaining the journalists with draconian laws, obnoxious decrees, sack threats, elimination and constant proscription of media houses. Journalists may see and hear evil and such will be sealed to make sure that they don’t loose their lives or jobs.

News watch magazines which was the toast of Nigerians because of fearlessness, independent views and radical approaches to issues was put to stop when its editor-in-chief was exterminated through a letter bomb blast, followed up six months later by a proscription.

When the provision for freedom of expression is guaranteed, some stings are being attached to it, which made the journalist not to be free. In some government media houses, the noble profession is forced to dance to the tune of their ‘lords’. While trying to tell unto the ethics of their profession, they are meant to endanger their lives.

A time, it became a sort of worry on how the journalists are being intimidated and the clever manner, which the government officials take in denying their own statement in the face of naked truth. At first, the government in power tries to embrace the profession just to get it established and thereafter turns against it. Because the journalists are ready to face their unravel their injustices, they (the military) turns to scrutinize and cripple Journalism unnecessarily with accumulation of obnoxious laws.

1.2       STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM

Since her political independence in 1960, Nigeria has been ruled more by military regimes than by elected civilian administrations: The various military governments which ruled the country at differe11t times are expected to have some patterns of relationship with Journalism, which is a major institutional actor in governance. Of a major concern to this study is the exploration of the nature of the relationship between the Nigerian military governments and the Nigerian press. The relationship between the government and Journalism (at any point in time in society) is usually a reflection of the relationship between the government and the citizens. Since her political independence in 1960, Nigeria has been ruled more by military regimes than by elected civilian administrations: The various military governments which ruled the country at differe11t times are expected to have some patterns of relationship with Journalism, which is a major institutional actor in governance. Of a major concern to this study is the exploration of the nature of the relationship between the Nigerian military governments and the Nigerian press. The relationship between the government and Journalism (at any point in time in society) is usually a reflection of the relationship between the government and the citizens.

1.3. AIMS AND OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY

The major aim of the study is to examine the impact of military on the practice of journalism in Nigeria. other general objectives of the study include;

  1. To assess the importance or contribution of journalism Or Nigerian press.
  2. To highlight the major clampdowns on the Nigerian press/journalists by successive military juntas
  3. To examine the impact of military junta/rule on the practice and development of journalism in Nigeria.
  4. To recommend ways to further strengthen the practice of journalism in Nigeria.

1.4. RESEARCH QUESTIONS

  1. What is the importance or contribution of journalism Or Nigerian press?
  2. What are the major clampdowns on the Nigerian press/journalists by successive military juntas?
  3. What is the impact of military junta/rule on the practice and development of journalism in Nigeria?
  4. What are the ways to further strengthen the practice of journalism in Nigeria?

1.5. RESEARCH HYPOTHESIS

H0: Military rule did not affect the practice of journalism in Nigeria.

H1: Military rule negatively affected the practice of journalism in Nigeria.

1.6. SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY

This study is very important as it mirrors down the treatment meted on the mass media and their practitioners by military dictators including their agents. It is as well important as it bring to line right or exposes those aspiring to go into the profession on what they expect in the course of engaging themselves in the profession. For the students, it is beneficial for them too, plus media practitioners themselves, government parastatals and its agencies and humanitarian organizations for the purpose of regulating the unbridled control of the military on the media.

1.7. SCOPE AND LIMITATION OF THE STUDY

This study is restricted to the impact of military rule on the practice of journalism in Nigeria

LIMITATION OF THE STUDY

Financial constraint- Insufficient fund tends to impede the efficiency of the researcher in sourcing for the relevant materials, literature or information and in the process of data collection (internet, questionnaire and interview).

Time constraint- The researcher will simultaneously engage in this study with other academic work. This consequently will cut down on the time devoted for the research work.

1.8. DEFINITION OF TERMS: CONCEPTUAL AND OPERATIONAL

 HARRASSMENT, ARREST, and AND DETENTION: This means to trouble, worry and size by authority of power and convict one of offence and keep the person in a place for a short period of time.

 MILITARY DICTATORSHIP: The armed forced who rule with absolute authority

PRAISE SINGING: Praise of administration with enthusiasm

SYNDROME: The Nigeria mass media is accused of showering praises on the government

FREE FREDOM: This is a concept of Journalism which indicates relative absence of government interferences on the media of mass communication.

SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY: This is a theory of mass communication which suggest that Journalism or media of mass communication should be responsible or accountable to the society alone and no other person or body. In other words, they are responsible for whatever public they make

Get the complete project »

Instant Share On Social Media:

OTHER SIMILAR MASS COMMUNICATION PROJECTS AND MATERIALS

A CRITICAL ASSESSMENT OF NTA INTEGRATION PROGRAM ( A CASE STUDY OF NTA UYO)

 Format: MS WORD ::   Chapters: 1-5 ::   Pages: 70 ::   Attributes: Questionnaire, Data Analysis,Abstract  ::   2328 engagements

TABLE OF CONTENT Title Page - - - - - - - - - Declaration - - - - - - - - - Approval Page - - - - - - - - - Dedication - - - - - - - - - Acknowledgement - - - ...Continue reading »

AN ASSESSMENT OF THE ROLE OF THE MASS MEDIA IN RE-BRANDING NIGERIA (A CASE STUDY OF NTA, CHANNEL 12, UYO)

 Format: MS WORD ::   Chapters: 1-5 ::   Pages: 76 ::   Attributes: Questionnaire, Data Analysis,Abstract  ::   2169 engagements

CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY One of the primary challenges faced by developing countries especially Nigeria stems from the breakdown of bordering between their internal and e...Continue reading »

ANALYSIS OF CHALLENGES FACING FREEDOM OF INFORMATION IN NIGERIA

 Format: MS WORD ::   Chapters: 1-5 ::   Pages: 73 ::   Attributes: Questionnaire, Data Analysis,Abstract  ::   2415 engagements

The article on this topic (Analysis of challenges facing freedom of information in Nigeria) is an extract from the complete project material. The complete project work would be made available when you...Continue reading »

ATTITUDE OF NIGERIANS TO THE ROLE OF MASS MEDIA IN THE ENTHRONEMENT OF DEMOCRACY SINCE 1999

 Format: MS WORD ::   Chapters: 1-5 ::   Pages: 80 ::   Attributes: Questionnaire, Data Analysis,Abstract  ::   1450 engagements

CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION The conventional wisdom among Third World planners today is that the mass media should integrate with the indigenous modes of communication in promoting development. This wi...Continue reading »

CHALLENGES OF THE FREEDOM OF INFORMATION BILL TO THE BROADCAST MEDIA ( A CASE STUDY OF NTA UYO)

 Format: MS WORD ::   Chapters: 1-5 ::   Pages: 73 ::   Attributes: Questionnaire, Data Analysis,Abstract  ::   1445 engagements

TABLE OF CONTENTS Title page Declaration Approval page Dedication Acknowledgement Table of contents Abstract CHAPTER ONE Introduction 1.1 History of Case Study 1.2 Statement of General Study 1.3...Continue reading »

CONSTITUTIONAL JUSTIFICATION FOR PRESS FREEDOM IN NIGERIA

 Format: MS WORD ::   Chapters: 1-5 ::   Pages: 71 ::   Attributes: Questionnaire, Data Analysis,Abstract  ::   1633 engagements

ABSTRACT In this study, Section 22 of the 1999 Constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria States that the press, radio, television and other agencies of the mass media shall at all times be free...Continue reading »

What are looking for today?

WHAT OUR CUSTOMERS ARE SAYING:
  • 1. Ibrahim from BUK said "very nice".
    Rating: Excellent
  • 2. Vitar from University of Port Harcourt said "I had a wonderful experience using ProjectClue, they delivered not only on time, but the content had good qualty. I recommend ProjectClue for any project research work.".
    Rating: Very Good
  • 3. Faraz Hussain from University of Abuja said "This is a great help for those who seek education. May our Lord Almighty ALLAH bless you projectclue.com who brought this wonderful page and may he bless us (education seekers) too.".
    Rating: Excellent
  • 4. Melkamu from D /Markos said "very good".
    Rating: Good
  • 5. Gabriel Etim from Unical said "Tnks to u guys(projectclue.com) for initiating trust bond with ur clients, especially me. Project clue is an epitome of trust, integrity, sincerity and class. God bless you all.".
    Rating: Very Good
  • 6. Shadack Kiilu Wambua from the kenya insititute of management said "this site was so much helpful since i have acquired alot of experience and exposure at the same time. thanks alot to this site anyway".
    Rating: Very Good

Leave a comment: