ProjectClue.com We're Ready, Call Us

(+234) 07030248044

Project Topic:

PORT HARCOURT RESIDENT’S PERCEPTION OF SOCIAL MEDIA REPORT OF 2019 ELECTION RESULT

Project Information:

 Format: MS WORD ::   Chapters: 1 - 5 ::   Pages: 89 ::   Attributes: Questionnaire, Data Analysis,Abstract  ::   28 people found this useful

Project Department:

MASS COMMUNICATION UNDERGRADUATE PROJECT TOPICS, RESEARCH WORKS AND MATERIALS

Project Body:

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1   BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY

Social media played a notable role in both the 2011 general and the 2015 elections and as well as the latest 2019 general election in Nigeria. Facebook is the most popular and well known social networking service (SNS) in Nigeria. According to reports from NCC and InsightXplorer, 86.3% people reported using the Internet in the previous six months, and 79.1% reported using an SNS. 99.3% of the SNS users reported owning a Facebook account compared to only 45.7% of respondents reporting ownership of a Twitter account. Few legislative candidates use Twitter for political campaigns. For example, there is no candidate in the just concluded 2019 election with a Twitter account. While presidential candidate does have a Twitter account, the tweets are in English and so it is clearly aimed at overseas readers. In other words, whatever the merits of using Twitter data to predict elections in other countries, Twitter data is not very useful for the Nigerian case. However, unlike Twitter, general users’ Facebook accounts are private and hence not collectable. Opinion polls remain the most reliable method of predicting election results. However, while opinion polls are carried out for the Nigerians Presidential election, most single-member states lack reliable polls by mass media or research institutes, making it hard to predict results of individual states using traditional methods. A critical examination of the emerging trend in the use of social media generally in Nigeria shows that social media such as Facebook, Blackberry Messenger, WhatsApps, Twitter, Blog, MySpace, YouTube and Instagram are no longer mainly social with the primary purpose of creating and enabling participation in social networking sites for people to socialize and check out what friends are doing (Olsson and Dahlgren, 2010; Bakardjieva, 2010), but, have rather, become powerful tools for political communication and engagement, and a useful means of policing election results in Nigeria and by extension, veritable tools for active political participation. In this instance, social media became not only “sites of information‟‟ providing many Nigerians with political voice but also “sites of action” (Signe Bock, 2015). This may probably account for why the recent use of social media in Nigerian elections as argued continues to demonstrate how social media have reshaped the structures and methods of contemporary political communication and engagement in the country. As such, social media in relation to Nigerian political environment is perceived as the: most accessible source of political information, deliberations and conversations; the major platform for media campaign; a key tool for monitoring and announcing election results; a new platform for political accountability; as well as the primary source of news – political. As the Reuters 2017 Digital News Report established, the citizens of many democracies now rely to a greater extent on online rather than broadcast and print news, with social media platforms playing a greater role in disseminating information than newspapers. In consideration of these views, it could be argued that social media now provide new ways for public’s political engagement and participation in the country. However, recent anecdotal evidence point to other emerging developments in ways the social media may have been used recently in Nigerian political election process especially the Nigerian Gubernatorial elections that have different dates from other general elections. For instance the just concluded Rivers State, South- South, Nigeria’s March, 2019, gubernatorial polls have been criticized for being characterized and associated with Internet brigandage, fake news, social media nuisance, and character vilification majorly on Facebook, Whatsapp and other social media platforms.

1.2 STATEMENT OF PROBLEM

It has been widely observed that social media have enhanced the communication process used in creating and disseminating political messages in recent times in Nigeria. The 2011 general elections held in April, was characterized by an appreciable use of the new media especially the Facebook for political advertising and election campaigns. Following the same trend, President Goodluck Jonathan adopted the use of Facebook in his presidential election campaigns and actually became the first in Nigeria to adopt such strategy that has increasingly made an inroad into our electoral process and in the overall political environment (Ezebuenyi & Ejezieh, 2012). The foregoing notwithstanding, this study intends to investigate the effectiveness of the use of social media platform for prediction of election results in Nigeria and how the social media results were sourced and reported. The study will look at how social media data can help forecast the results of Nigeria’s elections on a state-by-state level even in the absence of reliable opinion polls?.

1.3 AIMS OF THE STUDY            

The major purpose of this study is to examine the Port Harcourt resident’s perception of social media report of 2019 election result. Other general objectives of the study are:

  1. To examine how the social media can help forecast the results of the 2019 election in Nigeria.
  2. To examine the level of Port Harcourt resident’s perception of election results posted on social media.
  3. To examine the influence of the social media report on the 2019 election through the opinion polls and the broadcasting of the results, before the final release by INEC.
  4. To examine Nigerian electorates level of exposure to political campaign messages on social media.
  5. To examine the relationship between social media report and Nigerian Election.
  6. To examine the role of social media report in 2019 general election.

1.4 RESEARCH QUESTIONS              

  1. How can the social media help in forecasting the results of the 2019 election in Nigeria?
  2. What is the level of Port Harcourt resident’s perception of election results posted on social media?
  3. How does social media report influence the 2019 election through the opinion polls and the broadcasting of the results, before the final release by INEC?
  4. What is the level of exposure of Nigerian electorates to political campaign messages on social media?
  5. What is the relationship between social media and Nigerian Election results report?
  6. What is the role of social media report in 2019 general election?

1.5 RESEARCH HYPOTHESES

H0: There is no significant influence of the social media report on the 2019 election through the opinion polls and the broadcasting of the results, before the final release by INEC

H1: There is a significant influence of the social media report on the 2019 election through the opinion polls and the broadcasting of the results, before the final release by INEC.

1.6 SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY

This study will be of great significance to the following people and in the following ways.

  1. The study will provide reliable feedback data on audience view of social media and also provide its strengths and weakness which will serve as a tool for improvement in the electioneering process.
  2. The significant of this study aims at revealing to the electorates the importance of social media to the Nigerian electoral process. The study of social media in election will assist the concept and to know its role in enhancing the success or failure of electoral process in Nigeria.
  3. It will serve as a data base for researchers and scholars who may be embarking on similar research in the future.

1.7    SCOPE OF THE STUDY 

The study is based on Port Harcourt resident’s perception of social media report of 2019 election result.

1.8 LIMITATION OF STUDY

Financial constraint- Insufficient fund tends to impede the efficiency of the researcher in sourcing for the relevant materials, literature or information and in the process of data collection (internet, questionnaire and interview).

Time constraint- The researcher will simultaneously engage in this study with other academic work. This consequently will cut down on the time devoted for the research work.

1.9 DEFINITION OF TERMS

Election: An election is a formal group decision-making process by which a population chooses an individual to hold public office. Elections have been the usual mechanism by which modern representative democracy has operated since the 17th century. Elections may fill offices in the legislature, sometimes in the executive and judiciary, and for regional and local government. 

Social Media:  Is the collective of online communications channels dedicated to community-based input, interaction, content-sharing and collaboration. Websites and applications dedicated to forums, microblogging, social networking, social bookmarking, social curation, and wikis are among the different types of social media.

Get the complete project »

Instant Share On Social Media:

OTHER SIMILAR MASS COMMUNICATION PROJECTS AND MATERIALS

A CRITICAL ASSESSMENT OF NTA INTEGRATION PROGRAM ( A CASE STUDY OF NTA UYO)

 Format: MS WORD ::   Chapters: 1-5 ::   Pages: 70 ::   Attributes: Questionnaire, Data Analysis,Abstract  ::   4904 engagements

TABLE OF CONTENT Title Page - - - - - - - - - Declaration - - - - - - - - - Approval Page - - - - - - - - - Dedication - - - - - - - - - Acknowledgement - - - ...Continue reading »

AN ASSESSMENT OF THE ROLE OF THE MASS MEDIA IN RE-BRANDING NIGERIA (A CASE STUDY OF NTA, CHANNEL 12, UYO)

 Format: MS WORD ::   Chapters: 1-5 ::   Pages: 76 ::   Attributes: Questionnaire, Data Analysis,Abstract  ::   4188 engagements

CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY One of the primary challenges faced by developing countries especially Nigeria stems from the breakdown of bordering between their internal and e...Continue reading »

ANALYSIS OF CHALLENGES FACING FREEDOM OF INFORMATION IN NIGERIA

 Format: MS WORD ::   Chapters: 1-5 ::   Pages: 73 ::   Attributes: Questionnaire, Data Analysis,Abstract  ::   4779 engagements

The article on this topic (Analysis of challenges facing freedom of information in Nigeria) is an extract from the complete project material. The complete project work would be made available when you...Continue reading »

ATTITUDE OF NIGERIANS TO THE ROLE OF MASS MEDIA IN THE ENTHRONEMENT OF DEMOCRACY SINCE 1999

 Format: MS WORD ::   Chapters: 1-5 ::   Pages: 80 ::   Attributes: Questionnaire, Data Analysis,Abstract  ::   2809 engagements

CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION The conventional wisdom among Third World planners today is that the mass media should integrate with the indigenous modes of communication in promoting development. This wi...Continue reading »

CHALLENGES OF THE FREEDOM OF INFORMATION BILL TO THE BROADCAST MEDIA ( A CASE STUDY OF NTA UYO)

 Format: MS WORD ::   Chapters: 1-5 ::   Pages: 73 ::   Attributes: Questionnaire, Data Analysis,Abstract  ::   2720 engagements

TABLE OF CONTENTS Title page Declaration Approval page Dedication Acknowledgement Table of contents Abstract CHAPTER ONE Introduction 1.1 History of Case Study 1.2 Statement of General Study 1.3...Continue reading »

CONSTITUTIONAL JUSTIFICATION FOR PRESS FREEDOM IN NIGERIA

 Format: MS WORD ::   Chapters: 1-5 ::   Pages: 71 ::   Attributes: Questionnaire, Data Analysis,Abstract  ::   3516 engagements

ABSTRACT In this study, Section 22 of the 1999 Constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria States that the press, radio, television and other agencies of the mass media shall at all times be free...Continue reading »

What are looking for today?

WHAT OUR CUSTOMERS ARE SAYING:
  • 1. Sani Tanko from Buk said "Excellent ".
    Rating: Excellent
  • 2. Musa Hassan from Yobe state University said "well acknowledge Write up".
    Rating: Excellent
  • 3. Fred Mbashi from Adamawa State University, Mubi said "Excellent service to humanity with integrity, keep it up.".
    Rating: Excellent
  • 4. Nkem K from Kwame Nkrumah University, Ghana said "Very impressive project work i got and they also delivered on time. Keep up ur integrity and transparency".
    Rating: Very Good
  • 5. Ibraheem Hauzbro from From university of Maiduguri said "Have nothing To say that thanks give to Allah ".
    Rating: Very Good
  • 6. SHEHU DAUDA from AHMADU BELLO UNIVERSITY ZARIA A.B.U said "i applauded project clue for their excellent performance for satisfying student from various Universties on project work.".
    Rating: Very Good

Leave a comment: