Co-operative Operation and Administration has been written primarily o satisfy the demands many student in the school of financial studies who have for a factual and authoritative course on Co-operative development. This project thus been written with clarity of exposition focused on the practical requirements for standing and operating a co-operative society successfully.
But for years the general public particularly the axious co-operators and professionals whose activities deals directly with co-operative problems have been yearning for a course in co-operative Development, with teaching and learning of the subject. This can be attributed to lack of sufficient reference materials in the area and abstract presentation of the course beyond our local back background by the researchers of the few materials available.
So, this project work is of five chapter. Chapter one which deals on the introduction of Co-operative society, its importance statement of research problems, hypothesis, limitations if the study etc. In chapter two, it ray among other the national Co-operative principles law and regulations in research design and Methodology and dealt within chapter three,. The method of collecting data, instrument used, local or area of study, the sample population etc. Chapter four is where the data analysis and presentation can be found.
And also demographic analysis and hypothesis testing can be found there too. In chapter five, we found finding of different result form hypothesis there recommendation for improvement and lastly their conclusion
The importance of the Co-operative movement in Nigerian is increasingly being realized as well as many developing countries.
In Nigeria, the lead has been taken by both the Federal and State government who have declared in policy papers, and through concrete actions that Socio economic transformation can best be achieved through co-operative development. The co-operative laws of 1935, Patronage in the from of tax exemptions, subsidized purchases and credit, as well as administrative supports are a few of the manifestations of the government intentions.
What has been lacking however, is the ability to the Co-operative sector to stand on its own. Ever since its inception, it has depended on government staff and hardly on its own manpower resources. This, No doubts as a result of a popular but mistaken general notion that the Co-operatives are social welfare organization, and therefore should not shoe results f profits/surpluses.
Hence there was no coherent planning nor institutional arrangement to guide, monitor and ensure the implementation of Co-operative projects. The past three National development plans are living witness to these deficiencies. In accepting the challenge of this obligatory project for final year students of the departments of Accountancy of the Institute of Management and technology, (IMT). I have, therefore chosen to present my research paper on the role of the federal government in Co-operative development in Nigeria.
It is essentially the primary duty of a co-operative field workers to see to the promotion f the formation of a new society. The method of carrying out this promotional duty in Nigerian has since the 70’s changed. Prior to this period, this duty involved co-operative inspectors going to the market places, canvassing and calling on people to embrace the formation of Co-operative societies. This method has become obsolete. People are now increasingly aware of the existence and benefits of Co-operative societies and such people who are interested in forming such societies go to the co-operative inspector/held worker in his office to make liquorices about starting a new Co-operative society in their areas. It is then the duty of the field worker to furnish them with all the necessary information and guidance.
During the formation stage, the co-operative field worker will take the following steps:-
REGISTRATION OF THE SOCIETY
Before a Co-operative Society is considered for registration it must have satisfied the following conditions:-
PROCEDURE FOR REGISTRATION
The Co-operative field worker will take the following steps to get the society registered.
The following details will be required on the form.
m. Proposed relationship with secretary societies
The Co-operative field staff has now worked up the society for registration. His other task is to continue to supervise and guide effectively.
THE STRUCTURE FO CO-OPERATIVE SOCIETIES.
The organizational structure of the co-operative movement in Nigeria follows the general pyramid (tier) pattern of co-operative organizations through the world.
In other words we operate the three-tier structure of Co-operative societies (namely primary, secondary, and apex).
When individuals recognize their socio-economic felt needs, they pool their resources together towards meeting such felt-needs. The result will be the formation of primary societies, usually at the village level.
A primary society is registered society consisting of individuals as members. Non shall be registered which does not consist of at least then individuals each of whom is qualified for membership as specified in section 24 (1) of the eastern Nigeria Co-operative societies law and rules 1963.
Primary societies exist to provide their members with such basic services as thrift and credit, seed procurement for farmers and such other services which members cannot afford economically it they were not members.
Primary societies of the same line of activity encounter problems which they as individual societies cannot solve by virtue of their small resources and size. They pool their resources together not a secondary society whose operations may cover the local government level. In such places they popularly called Divisional co-operative councils and represent the entire co-operators in their area on all matters affecting co-operative development.
A secondary society is therefore a registered society of which primary societies are members. Secondary societies are set up to facilitate the operations of the primary societies in accordance with Co-operative principles. None will be registered unless at lest two registered societies are members. They provide services such as book-keeping, printing, advertising, transportation, storage and so on for the primary societies.
They are at the summit of the pyramidal tier structure of the Co-operative movement at he state level or at the national level.
The are sometime called the members of the Co-operative movement. Both primaries and secondaries may affiliate to apex societies on their various lines of activities. They serve as the link between the Co-operative movement and the government as well as all the outsiders.
STATEMENT OF RESEARCH PROBLEM
The government has in the recent past concentrated its efforts at providing co-operative infrastructure through the establishment ands opening of co-operative societies. Although co-operative scholars have continued to look at co-operative societies as possessing great potentials on terms of development, not much seems to have been said about co-operative movement in Nigeria. Hence, co-operative has continued to be an underutilized way for development of society for most parts of Nigeria. It is against this background that this study therefore attempts to examine the appropriateness (effectiveness) of the principles and practice of Co-operation as a vital means of developing society in the field of Co-operative development.
This problems also necessitated this study to focus on the evolution of Co-operation, techniques, principles, laws, duties, functions, problems and prospects of Co-operative in Nigeria.
SIGNIFICANCE OF STUDY
The establishment of Co-operative society presently in Nigerian has been taken for granted. Therefore, the significance is intended to highlight to the aspiring co-operative (students) the effectiveness (impact) of Co-operative societies and how to overcome some of the stumbling blocks (problems) on their ways.
This study will help in making government to appreciate co-operative development form a different angle other than mere errand do.
However, the study will add t the body of knowledge and its prospects will enable us make useful recommendation for further studies.
Ho: The principles and practice of Co-operative do not create better understanding of Co-operative society.
Ho: Co-operative is not given its rightful place as one of the course in institutions f higher learning.
c. H3: Co-operative create room for entertainment.
Ho: Co-operative do not give room for entertainment.
H4: Co-operative has given room for the for education of members of the public.
Ho: Co-operative has not given room for the for education of members of the public.
OBJECTIVES FO THE STUDY
This study aimed at offering and analysis various approaches to the understanding and application of Co-operative principles and techniques as vital means of c-operation under the field of industrial co-operative in University of Nigeria Nsukka (UNN) and Enugu State university f Science and Technology (ESUT) and Institute of Management and Technology (I M T).
The study is limited to students from Enugu state University of science and Technology (ESUT) and Institute of Management and Technology (IMT) under the accounting proffession.
DEFINITION OF TERMS
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